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hague peace conference

Peacemakers: The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to End War

Peacemakers: The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to End War was published in 2002 and is a work of nonfiction based on the events of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. It was written by Canadian Professor Margaret MacMillan with a foreword by American diplomat Richard Holbrooke. The book has also been published under the titles Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World and Peacemakers: Six Months That Changed the World.

MacMillan is a history professor at the University of Oxford and was also Provost of Trinity College. For her work on this book, she had access to many private collections, including those of her great-grandfather, Prime Minister Lloyd George.

Peacemakers recounts in precise detail the six months of negotiations that took place in Paris, France following World War I. The book focuses on the "Big Three", photographed together on its cover (left to right): Prime Minister Lloyd George of the United Kingdom, Premier Georges Clemenceau of France, and President Woodrow Wilson of the United States. Other participants included Vittorio Orlando, premier of Italy; an Arab delegation headed by Faisal ibn Husayn (later King Faisal I of Iraq), T. E. Lawrence, and Gertrude Bell, the "Uncrowned Queen of Iraq"; and Ho Chi Minh, then a kitchen helper at the Ritz Hotel who submitted a petition for an independent Vietnam.

The acclaimed book details the conditions imposed on Germany and how three men rewrote the map of the world. The book also details other parts of the peace conference, such as Yugoslavia, China, Romania, Poland, and other major events throughout the conference. It also attempts to debunk a much-quoted theory of John Maynard Keynes, who propagated the idea that the conditions imposed on Germany in the Treaty of Versailles led to the rise of Adolf Hitler.


Referred to as a landmark work of narrative history, the book was first published in Britain. It has won the Duff Cooper Prize for an outstanding literary work in the field of history, biography or politics, the Hessell-Tiltman Prize for History, the most prestigious Samuel Johnson Prize for the best work of non-fiction published in the United Kingdom and the 2003 Governor General's Literary Award in Canada.

The work has been an international best seller, especially in the United Kingdom and Canada.

Douglas Brinkley, director of the Eisenhower Center, said, "Without question, Margaret MacMillan's Paris 1919 is the most honest and engaging history ever written about those fateful months after World War I when the maps of Europe were redrawn."


  • ISBN 0-7195-5939-1 UK Hardbound Edition (2001)
  • ISBN 0-375-50826-0 US Hardbound Edition (2002) as Paris 1919: Six months that changed the world
  • ISBN 0-375-76052-0 US Paperback Edition (2003) as Paris 1919: Six months that changed the world
  • ISBN 0-7195-6237-6, ISBN 0-7195-6233-3 UK Paperback Edition (2003)

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