Definitions

Haddonfield

Haddonfield

[had-n-feeld]
Haddonfield, borough (1990 pop. 11,628), Camden co., SE N.J., a residential suburb of Camden and Philadelphia; settled c.1713, inc. 1875. Of interest are Indian King Tavern (1750), where the first state legislature met in 1777, and the Haddonfield historical society. The site of the first nearly complete dinosaur fossil ever found (1838), the "Haddonfield Hadrosaur," is a national historic landmark.

Haddonfield is a borough located in Camden County, New Jersey. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough had a total population of 11,659. Haddonfield was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1875, within portions of Haddon Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day. The borough separated from Haddon Township as an independent municipality in 1894.

Haddonfield was the second municipality in New Jersey (after Cape May) to set up a historical preservation district. In keeping with the historic appearance of the borough, some candidates for commissioner give out colored ribbons to their supporters in lieu of the more common yard signs.

From 1873 to the present day, the sale of liquor has been banned. However, it was at the Indian King Tavern in Haddonfield in the winter of 1777 that the New Jersey General Assembly met and declared New Jersey a free and independent state.

Geography

Haddonfield is located at .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.4 km²), of which, 2.8 square miles (7.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.05% water.

The Cooper River forms the border between Haddonfield and Cherry Hill. Haddonfield shares land borders with Haddon Township, Haddon Heights, Barrington, and Tavistock.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 11,659 people (flat from 11,628 in the 1990 census, and down from 12,337 in 1980), 4,496 households, and 3,255 families residing in the borough. The population density is 4,124.7 people per square mile (1,590.7/km²). There are 4,620 housing units at an average density of 1,634.5/sq mi (630.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough is 96.47% White, 1.27% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 4,496 households out of which 35.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% are married couples living together, 7.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% are non-families. 24.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.09.

In the borough the population is spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $86,872, and the median income for a family is $103,597. Males have a median income of $73,646 versus $44,968 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $43,170. 2.2% of the population and 1.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Special events

Throughout the year, Haddonfield hosts many events. There are events such as the townwide sidewalk sale in the summer, and the fall festival in October. The fall festival is an event where community organizations may have booths along Kings Highway and there is scarecrow-making for kids. There is also the famous Haddonfield Crafts & Fine Arts Festival, where a large variety of vendors line the main street. One of the more major events is First Night, a New Year's Eve celebration of the arts, with a variety of performances. There is also a yearly car show that takes place during the second Saturday of September. There are also events such as historic house tours and designer show houses. Many streets also choose to have a block party at some point during the year.

Transportation

Haddonfield has a PATCO Hi-Speedline station that links it directly to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and other towns in Camden County. New Jersey Transit provides local bus service; its 451, 455 and 457 routes all stop at the PATCO station. Most travel through Haddonfield is in the form of car. Haddonfield also prides itself in being walkable. Most streets have sidewalks, and due to the small size of the town (2 miles or less from any point in town to any other as the crow flies), it is highly possible to walk to any part of town.

The Borough presently has a traffic campaign using the slogan Haddonfield Drives 25 stating the only speed limit in the borough is 25 mph for all streets and roadways within the borough.

History

The Haddonfield area was occupied by Lenni Lenape Native Americans. The Lenape disappeared from the local area when settlers arrived. Arrowheads and pottery shards have been found by residents by the banks of the Cooper River, hinting that there was an Indian settlement in Haddonfield at one point in time.

Haddonfield was founded by Elizabeth Haddon (1680-1762), whose Quaker father, John Haddon, bought a 500 acre (2 km²) tract of land in the English colony of West Jersey to escape religious persecution. Elizabeth set sail alone from Southwark, England to the New World in 1701. Shortly after her arrival, she made a marriage proposal to John Estaugh, a Quaker minister, and they were married in 1702.

The Indian King Tavern, built in 1750, played a significant role in the American Revolution, and remains today as a state historical site and museum.

In 1838, William Estaugh Hopkins was digging in a marl pit when he uncovered large bones. He had the bones on display at his home, Birdwood. In 1858 these bones sparked the interest of a visitor, William Foulke. Hadrosaurus foulkii, the first full skeleton of a dinosaur found in North America, was dug out from the marl pit in 1858 by Foulke. The entire skeleton was completely assembled in 1868 and was put on display at Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, where it remains available for public viewing.

In 1875, Haddonfield became the first community to cede from Haddon Township and become a self-governing borough.

Aside from having one of the world's most significant paleontology sites, Haddonfield is also famous for its historic homes, quaint shops and legions of lawyers. A major legal center for the southern half of the state, the town houses the offices of more than 390 attorneys.

Government

Local government

The Borough of Haddonfield has been governed under the Walsh Act since 1913, with three non-partisan commissioners elected for four-year concurrent terms. Amongst themselves, the Commissioners select a Mayor and may select a Deputy Mayor. Each Commissioner oversees a Department within the Borough. The current commissioners are:

The next election for borough commission is in May 2009.

Though the commission is nominally non-partisan, Colombi is active in the local Republican organization, while Borden is a former county prosecutor in Democratic-controlled Camden County.

Federal, state and county representation

Haddonfield is in the 1st Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 6th Legislative District.

Education

Public Schools

The Haddonfield Public Schools are a comprehensive public school district serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are three elementary schools — Central (278 students), Elizabeth Haddon (404) and J.F. Tatem (354) — Haddonfield Middle School for grades 6-8 (561) and Haddonfield Memorial High School for grades 9-12 (780). The school district serves the Borough of Haddonfield using funds mostly obtained through local property taxes. Students from Tavistock attend the district's schools as part of a sending/receiving relationship. While most students are residents, a small number of students are taken on a tuition or voucher basis.

Elizabeth Haddon School, Tatem School, and Central School all serve K-5. Each school has approximately three sections in each grade. Facilities are modern and underwent major additions several years ago. The schools all host various events around the school. All schools in Haddonfield are walkable, and many students use this as their method of getting to school.

The middle school, serving 6-8, currently has approximately 600 students.

Private schools

Haddonfield is also home to Haddonfield Friends School (Quaker, Pre-K-8) and Kingsway Learning Center (special education, ages 5 to 16). Christ the King (PreK-3-8) operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Bancroft NeuroHealth is headquartered in Haddonfield and operates an adjacent special education school and psychiatric facility. In July, 2005, Bancroft began soliciting requests for proposals to purchase its 20 acre property, as a precursor to moving its operations out of Haddonfield. There is currently, however, no specific timeline for any sale or relocation.

Popular culture

  • In the movie When Harry Met Sally... (directed by Rob Reiner), Billy Crystal's character, Harry, is from Haddonfield.
  • Although the movies in the Halloween franchise are set in Haddonfield, Illinois, Haddonfield, N.J. is in fact the inspiration for the town. Debra Hill, the co-writer of the movie, grew up in Haddonfield, New Jersey.
  • A scene in the movie AI takes place in Haddonfield, NJ and captures a shot of a house on Kings Highway. This is the location of the Flesh Fair, a rally of anti-robot activists.
  • The musical artist Wednesday 13 has a song on his album Fang Bang entitled Haddonfield.
  • Photographer Frank Stefanko took two famous album covers for Bruce Springsteen in Haddonfield, Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978) and The River (1980).

Channel 19

Comcast Garden State Cable Channel 19 is a local access channel for the Borough of Haddonfield & The Township of Haddon. This content of this channel is shared with several surrounding communities. This is a 'Virtual Television Network', which is made possible to operate with such little effort due to TelVue Virtual Television Networks, which creates virtual television channels where communities can post announcements.

Noted residents

Notable current and former residents of Haddonfield include:

References

External links

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