Habib Ben Yahia (born 1938 in Tunis) is a politician from Tunisia. In 1991 he became foreign minister for the first time, and served in that position until January 1997, when he became defense minister. He served in that position until he became foreign minister again in November 1999. He remained foreign minister until November 2004, when he left the government following a cabinet reshuffle. In January 2006 he was designated to be the secretary-general of the Arab Maghreb Union.