Guston, Philip, 1913-80, American painter, b. Montreal. Guston emigrated to the United States in 1916. His earliest role models as an artist were such Mexican muralists as José Orozco and David Siqueiros; he later made nonobjective murals with Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning. His sensitivity to the relationships of masses of color on canvas caused some critics to call him an "abstract impressionist." He was, however, intimately associated with abstract expressionism, and during the 1950s and 60s painted some of the most lyrical works connected with that movement. The Painter's City (1956) is a well-known work. During the latter part of his life, from the late 1960s on, Guston's work changed startlingly. His new paintings, which shockingly departed from his previous refinement, were figurative and strange—nightmarishly cartoonish in image, blunt in approach, and often charged with social consciousness.

See studies by D. Ashton (1976) and M. Auping, ed. (2003).

Guston is a village near Dover in Kent, England. The village lies about a quarter of a mile North of the campus of the Duke of York's Royal Military School, near Martin Mill. The village, in the 1950s, was the site of one public house, one post office, one Saxon church and about one-hundred homes. There is a windmill, which has been converted into a house.

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