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guillermo leon valencia

List of Presidents of Colombia

This is a list of the persons that have been President of the Republic of Colombia and of the same territory under different names throughout history.

United Provinces of the New Granada (1812-1816)

President of the Congress, entrusted with the Federal Executive Power

Presidents (presiding members of three-member Executive Power)

Republic of Greater Colombia (1819-1831)

Under the Constitution of 1821, the President was the head of the executive power. and its time in office was the lifetime of the incumbent. The executive power had also Vicepresidents that assumed in case of death, demotion or illness of the President. Before the Approval of the Constitution of 1821 by the Congress of Villa del Rosario the President de Facto was Simon Bolívar, and the Vicepresident Francisco de Paula Santander, because the Congress of Angostura provisionally gave them that title until the Constitution was written.

The Republic of Greater Colombia comprised the former territories of the Viceroyalty of the New Grenada, the Capitaincy of Venezuela and the Audience of Quito (Today Ecuador).

Presidents of the Republic of Greater Colombia (1819-1831)

Presidents of the Republic of New Granada (1831-1858)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Domingo Caycedo (1st time, acting) 21 November 1831 23 November 1831 Military
José María Obando (1st time, acting) 23 November 1831 10 March 1832 Military
José Ignacio de Márquez (1st time, acting) 10 March 1832 7 October 1832 Moderate Liberal Party
Francisco de Paula Santander 7 October 1832 1 April 1837 Federalist
José Ignacio de Márquez (2nd time) 1 April 1837 1 April 1841 Moderate Liberal Party
Domingo Caycedo (2nd time, acting) 1 April 1841 2 May 1841 Military
Pedro Alcántara Herrán Zaldúa 2 May 1841 1 April 1845 Conservative Party
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera (1st time) 1 April 1845 1 April 1849 Conservative Party
José Hilario López 1 April 1849 14 October 1851 Liberal Party
José de Obaldía (Vice-president acting for López in his absence) 14 October 1851 22 January 1852 Liberal Party
José Hilario López 22 January 1852 1 April 1853 Liberal Party
José María Obando (2nd time) 1 April 1853 17 April 1854 Liberal Party
José María Melo (Supreme Chief of the State) 17 April 1854 4 December 1854 Military
Tomás de Herrera (acting, in rebellion) 21 April 1854 5 August 1854 Liberal Party
José de Obaldía (acting, in rebellion from 5 August 1854) 4 December 1854 1 April 1855 Conservative Party
Manuel Maria Mallarino (acting) 1 April 1855 1 April 1857 Military
Mariano Ospina Rodriguez 1 April 1857 22 May 1858 Conservative Party

Presidents of the Granadine Confederation (1858-1863)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Mariano Ospina Rodriguez 22 May 1858 1 April 1861 Conservative Party
Bartolomé Calvo (acting) 1 April 1861 18 July 1861 Conservative Party
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera (2nd time, provisional) 18 July 1861 4 February 1863 Liberal Party

Presidents of the United States of Colombia (1863-1886)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Francisco Javier Zaldúa (President of the Convention) 4 February 1863 9 February 1863 Radical Liberal Party
Eustorgio Salgar (1st time, President of Executive Ministry) 9 February 1863 14 May 1863 Liberal Party
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera (3rd time, acting from 1 April 1864) 14 May 1863 8 April 1864 Liberal Party
Manuel Murillo Toro (1st time) 8 April 1864 1 April 1866 Liberal Party
José Miguel Rojas Garrido (acting) 1 April 1866 22 May 1866 Liberal Party
Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera (4th time) 22 May 1866 1 November 1867 Liberal Party
Joaquín Riascos (acting, in rebellion) 12 May 1867 28 June 1867
Santos Acosta (acting for suspended Mosquera to 1 November 1867) (23 May 1867 1 April 1868 Liberal Party
Santos Gutiérrez 1 April 1868 1 April 1870 Liberal Party
Eustorgio Salgar (2nd time) 1 April 1870 1 April 1872 Liberal Party
Manuel Murillo Toro (2nd time) 1 April 1872 1 April 1874 Liberal Party
Santiago Perez 1 April 1874 1 April 1876 Liberal Party
Aquileo Parra 1 April 1876 1 April 1878 Liberal Party
Julian Trujillo Largacha (acting from 1 April 1880) 1 April 1878 8 April 1880 Liberal Party
Rafael Núñez (1st time) 8 April 1880 1 April 1882 Liberal Party
Francisco Javier Zaldua 1 April 1882 21 December 1882 Liberal Party
Clímaco Calderón (acting) 21 December 1882 22 December 1882 Liberal Party
José Eusebio Otalora 22 December 1882 1 April 1884 Liberal Party
Ezequiel Hurtado (acting) 1 April 1884 11 August 1884 Radical Party
Rafael Núñez (2nd time) 11 August 1884 1 April 1886 National Party
José María Campo Serrano (acting) 1 April 1886 5 August 1886 National Party

Republic of Colombia (1886-Present)

After the War of the Supremes, the economic chaos of the Federal Period, the ex-President Rafael Núñez decided in a second term under the Constitution of Rionegro to draft a new one. The Colombian Constitution of 1886 Under that text the President was the chief of the executive power for 6 years with indefinite reelection (This changed in 1910 to 4 years with non-immediate reelection), and the Senate elected the Designate that acted as President when he died, was absent or deposed.

We must remark, that the Constitution of 1886 has been one of the longest lasting constitutions in the western hemisphere, and with the Reforms of 1910, 1936, 1958, 1968, 1973 and 1986 was the constitution of Colombia until 1991, when a new one was drafted. The Constitution of 1991 is still the constitution of the Republic.

Presidents of the Republic of Colombia (1886-Present)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
José María Campo Serrano (acting) 5 August 1886 7 August 1886 National Party
Eliseo Payán (acting) 7 August 1886 4 June 1887 National Party
Rafael Núñez (3rd time) 4 June 1887 7 August 1892 National Party
Miguel Antonio Caro (1st time, acting) 7 August 1892 29 September 1892 National Party
Rafael Núñez (4th time) 29 September 1892 18 September 1894 National Party
Miguel Antonio Caro (2nd time, acting) 18 September 1894 7 August 1898 National Party
Manuel Antonio Sanclemente 7 August 1898 19 March 1902 National Party
José Manuel Marroquín (acting for suspended Sanclemente to 19 March 1902) 31 July 1900 7 August 1904 National Party
Rafael Reyes 7 August 1904 27 July 1909 Conservative Party
Jorge Holguin (1st time, acting) 27 July 1909 4 August 1909 Conservative Party
Ramón Gonzalez Valencia (provisional) 4 August 1909 7 August 1910 Conservative Party
Carlos E. Restrepo 7 August 1910 7 August 1914 Conservative Party
José Vicente Concha 7 August 1914 7 August 1918 Conservative Party
Marco Fidel Suarez 7 August 1918 7 August 1922 Conservative Party
Jorge Holguin (2nd time, acting for Suarez) 11 November 1921 7 August 1922 Conservative Party
Pedro Nel Ospina 7 August 1922 7 August 1926 Conservative Party
Miguel Abadia Mendez 7 August 1926 7 August 1930 Conservative Party
Enrique Olaya Herrera 7 August 1930 7 August 1934 Liberal Party
Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo (1st time) 7 August 1934 7 August 1938 Liberal Party
Eduardo Santos Montejo 7 August 1938 7 August 1942 Liberal Party
Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo (2nd time) 7 August 1942 7 August 1945 Liberal Party
Alberto Lleras Camargo (1st time, acting) 7 August 1945 7 August 1946 Liberal Party
Mariano Ospina Perez 7 August 1946 7 August 1950 Conservative Party
Laureano Gomez Castro 7 August 1950 13 June 1953 Conservative Party
Roberto Urdaneta Arbelaez (acting for Gomez) 5 November 1951 13 June 1953 Conservative Party
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla 13 June 1953 10 May 1957 Military
Gabriel París Gordillo (Chairman of the Military Junta of Government) 10 May 1957 7 August 1958 Military
Alberto Lleras Camargo (2nd time) 7 August 1958 7 August 1962 Liberal Party
Guillermo Leon Valencia 7 August 1962 7 August 1966 Conservative Party
Carlos Lleras Restrepo 7 August 1966 7 August 1970 Liberal Party
Misael Pastrana Borrero 7 August 1970 7 August 1974 Conservative Party
Alfonso Lopez Michelsen 7 August 1974 7 August 1978 Liberal Party
Julio Cesar Turbay Ayala 7 August 1978 7 August 1982 Liberal Party
Belisario Betancur Cuartas 7 August 1982 7 August 1986 Conservative Party
Virgilio Barco Vargas 7 August 1986 7 August 1990 Liberal Party
César Gaviria Trujillo 7 August 1990 7 August 1994 Liberal Party
Ernesto Samper Pizano 7 August 1994 7 August 1998 Liberal Party
Andrés Pastrana Arango 7 August 1998 7 August 2002 Conservative Party
Álvaro Uribe Velez 7 August 2002 Present Liberal Party/Non-party (until 2006), Colombia First (from 2006)

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