[geel-yen; Sp. gee-lyen]
Guillén, Jorge, 1893-1984, Spanish poet. Guillén left Spain after the civil war (1939) and taught Spanish in the United States. His verse is difficult, terse, and lyrical. Cántico, his volume of poems, has appeared in four successively augmented editions (1928, 1936, 1945, 1950; tr. 1965). Among the most intellectual of modern Spanish poets, he has been compared to Paul Valéry, whose work he translated. Affirmation: 1919-1966 (1968) is a bilingual anthology of Guillén's work. In 1976 the Spanish government awarded him the Cervantes Prize, the highest literary honor of the Spanish-speaking world.
Guillén, Nicolás, 1904-89, Cuban poet. A leading exponent of poesia negra—an Afro-Antillean genre developed in the Caribbean—Guillén writes poetry charged with intense racial and political feelings. In Motivos de son (1930) and Sóngoro cosongo (1931) he employed native incantations, dances, and street cries. Guillén's later poetry, more traditional in form, is devoted to social and economic problems. It includes Balada (1962), Antología mayor (1964), and El gran zoo (1967, tr. 1972).

See his Man-Making Words (tr. 1972); W. Cartey Three Antillian Poets (1965).

Guillén is a common surname in the Spanish language that may refer to:

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