orig. Mathieu Basile
(born Nov. 12, 1845, Paris, France—died July 28, 1922, Saint-Mandé) French labour organizer. He consulted with Karl Marx
in 1880 on a socialist program, adopted by a French labour congress, that called on workers to elect representatives who would “conduct the class struggle in the halls of parliament.” He was opposed by “possibilists,” who advocated collective bargaining and support for progressive candidates regardless of party affiliation. He founded the socialist weekly L'Égalité
, served in the Chamber of Deputies from 1893, and was minister without portfolio (1914–15).
Learn more about Guesde, Jules with a free trial on Britannica.com.
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.