Gross, David Jonathan, 1941-, American particle physicist, b. Washington, D.C., Ph.D. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1966. Gross was a professor at Princeton from 1969 to 1997, when he joined the faculty at the Univ. of California, Santa Barbara. He was a co-recipient, with David Politzer and Frank Wilczek, of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for their development in 1973 of a mathematical framework that led to the theory of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), which explained how the nucleus of the atom works. The theory was an important contribution to the standard model of particle physics, which describes all physics in terms of four forces or interactions—their findings concerned strong interactions.
Gross, Samuel David, 1805-84, American surgeon, b. near Easton, Pa., M.D. Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1828. He taught at the medical colleges of several universities and at Jefferson from 1856. He made outstanding contributions to his profession as teacher of pathological anatomy and surgery; as inventor of surgical instruments and techniques; as author of Elements of Pathological Anatomy (1839), A System of Surgery (1859), and other works; and as a founder of the American Medical Association.

See his autobiography (1887).

Gross is a village located in Boyd County, Nebraska. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 5. According to the United States Census Bureau, it is one of only 8 places in the United States with a population of five people. The others are Storrie, California, Bear Head Lake, Minnesota, Baker, Missouri, Odell, New Hampshire, Maza, North Dakota, Somerset, Vermont, and Prudhoe Bay, Alaska.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²). None of the area is covered with water.


As of the census of 2000, there are 5 people, 1 household, and 1 family residing in the village. The population density is 38.3 people per square mile (14.9/km²). There is 1 housing unit at an average density of 7.7/sq mi (3.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village is 100.00% White.

There is 1 household out of which 100.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 100.0% are married couples living together. The average household size is 5.00 and the average family size is 5.00.

In the village the population is spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 40.0% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, and 20.0% who are 45 to 64 years old. The median age is 22 years. For every 100 females there are 150.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 100.0 males.


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