, 1887-1978, Italian political leader. He entered parliament in 1919 as a member of the new Popular party. When Benito Mussolini seized power in 1922 and formed a coalition ministry, Gronchi became undersecretary for industry and commerce. He joined the opposition a few months later and was soon forced to retire from political life. After Mussolini's downfall, he helped to found the Christian Democratic party and served (1944-46) as minister for commerce, industry, and labor. He was later (1948-55) speaker of the chamber of deputies and served as president of Italy from 1955 to 1962.
See his autobiography (1962).
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