[griz-wawld, -wuhld]
Griswold, Matthew, 1714-99, American jurist and politician, b. Lyme, Conn. Admitted to the bar in 1743, he was very learned in the law and was active in Connecticut politics. As deputy governor (1769-84) before and during the American Revolution he was ex officio judge of the highest court in Connecticut, and by his wisdom contributed much to the new state in troubled times. He was later governor (1784-86) and presided over the state convention (1788) that ratified the Constitution. Roger Griswold was his son.
Griswold, Roger, 1762-1812, American political leader, b. Lyme, Conn.; son of Matthew Griswold. A Connecticut lawyer, he entered politics and, as U.S. Congressman (1795-1805), was a vigorous Federalist and a virulent critic of President Jefferson's administration, going so far as to advocate seriously the separation of New England from the Union. He was lieutenant governor of Connecticut (1809-11), and governor (1811-12). As governor he expressed Connecticut's attitude toward the war with England by withholding the state militia from the command of federal officers, thereby causing a test case on the clause in the Constitution dealing with the authority of the President to requisition the state militia. Ruling on the case, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the President's authority.
Griswold, Rufus Wilmot, 1815-57, American editor, b. Benson, Vt. He was influential as editor of Graham's Magazine (1842-43) and the International Monthly Magazine (1850-52) and as anthologist of The Poets and Poetry of America (1842) and several similar books. He had known Edgar Allan Poe since 1842 and on Poe's death was named his literary executor. The obituary he wrote emphasized the scandals attached to Poe's name, and in his edition of Poe's writings he added passages to Poe's letters favorable to himself and had them published as Poe's own.

See his selected letters and papers (ed. by his son, W. McC. Griswold, 1898).

Griswold is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 10,807 at the 2000 census. Griswold contains one borough, Jewett City.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.1 square miles (96.1 km²), of which, 35.0 square miles (90.5 km²) of it is land and 2.2 square miles (5.6 km²) of it (5.82%) is water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 10,807 people, 4,194 households, and 2,893 families residing in the town. The population density was 309.2 people per square mile (119.4/km²). There were 4,530 housing units at an average density of 129.6/sq mi (50.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.28% White, 1.40% African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.

There were 4,194 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,156, and the median income for a family was $58,852. Males had a median income of $37,869 versus $27,441 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,196. About 4.1% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage Democratic 2,468 88 2,556 38.59% Republican 1,105 24 1,129 17.04% Unaffiliated 2,777 157 2,934 44.29% Minor Parties 4 1 5 0.08%
Total 6,354 270 6,624 100%


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