- June 18
), was an Irish
writer, who was also known by the pseudonym
"Charles Ranger." He was born at Clooniquin, County Roscommon
, Ireland, the son of Richard Murphy and Jane French. A barrister
, and playwright
, he edited Gray Inn Journal
between 1752 and 1754. As Henry Thrale
's oldest and dearest friend, he introduced Samuel Johnson
to the Thrales
in January 1765. He was appointed Commissioner of Bankruptcy in 1803. Murphy is best known for three biographies: his 1792 An Essay on the Life and Genius of Samuel Johnson
, his 1762 Fielding's Works
and his 1801 Life of David Garrick
. Murphy is thought to have coined the legal term "wilful misconstruction"
whilst representing the Donaldson v. Becket
appeal to the House of Lords
in 1774 against the perpetual possession of copyright
. He died at Knightsbridge
, London, and was buried at Hammersmith
A biography was written in 1811 by Dr. Jesse Foote
. Nathaniel Dance
painted his portrait which is thought to now be in the Irish National Portrait Collection.
An example of Murphy's theatrical writings is The Citizen, a farce, first produced at Drury Lane in 1761. Philpot, a wealthy skinflint, has bargained with Sir Jasper Wilding, a foxhunter, for his son Young Philpot, a buck and wastrel, to marry Maria Wilding, and for his daughter Sally to marry Wilding's son, for settlements and twenty thousand pounds paid to Sir Jasper. Young Philpot has lost a fortune, but borrows money from his father and embarks on an insurance fraud involving shipwrecked goods. Maria plans to marry Beaufort, who loves her. As Young Philpot tries to propose, she convinces him she is half-witted, and he spurns her. In the second act, Philpot senior is visiting Corinna, a lady of loose virtue, but hides under the table when his son calls upon her. He overhears as Young Philpot tells her how he has cajoled the money out of his father. Maria's brother surprises them, and old Philpot is also discovered, to their mutual shame. In the final scene Sir Jasper with a lawyer obtains Philpot's signature to the agreements, but meanwhile Maria, an educated girl, shows her strong character to Young Philpot and he again refuses to propose. Having signed away his rights old Philpot offers to marry her, but the lawyer reveals himself as Beaufort, and explains that he has swapped the deeds, so that Philpot has unwittingly signed his agreement for Maria to marry Beaufort.
All dates refer to the play's first production, except where otherwise stated.
- The Apprentice (1756)
- The Upholsterer (1758)
- The Orphan of China (1759), tragedy (a translation of L'Orphelin de la Chine (1755) by Voltaire, which itself was a translation of Orphan of Zhao)
- The Way to Keep Him (1760), comedy
- The Desert Island (1760), dramatic poem
- The Citizen (1761)
- All in the Wrong (1761), comedy
- The Old Maid (1761)
- No One's Enemy But His Own (1764)
- Three Weeks After Marriage (1764)
- The Choice (1764)
- The School for Guardians (1767)
- Zenobia (1768), tragedy
- The Grecian Daughter (1772), tragedy
- Alzuma (1773), tragedy
- News from Parnassus, A Prelude (1776)
- Know Your Own Mind (1777), comedy
- The Rival Sisters (written 1783), tragedy
- Emery, John Pike. 1946. Arthur Murphy: An Eminent English Dramatist of the Eighteenth Century. U of Pennsylvania P. ASIN B0006AQYEA.
- Murphy, Arthur. 1786. The Works of Arthur Murphy, Esq. in Seven Volumes. London: Cadell. (Volume One is available to download on Google books.)
- Spector, Robert Donald. 1979. Arthur Murphy. Twain. ISBN 0805767517.