Grandma

Grandma

[gran-mah, -maw, grand-, gram-, gram-muh]
Moses, Grandma (Anna Mary Robertson Moses), 1860-1961, American painter, b. Washington co., N.Y., self-taught. She lived the arduous life of a farm wife, first in the Shenandoah Valley and later at Eagle Bridge, near Hoosick Falls, N.Y. In her late 70s, too frail to do hard work, she began to paint. Her pictures—called American primitives—are simple, gay scenes of farm life that struck the popular fancy and became widely known through prints and Christmas cards. She painted such subjects as The Old Oaken Bucket, Sugaring-Off, and Out for the Christmas Trees. Thanksgiving Turkey is in the Metropolitan Museum. At the age of 100 she illustrated " 'Twas the Night before Christmas" by Clement Moore (1962).

See her autobiography (1952) and study by O. Kallir (1973).

orig. Anna Mary Robertson

(born Sept. 7, 1860, Greenwich, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 13, 1961, Hoosick Falls, N.Y.) U.S. painter. She began to produce embroidery pictures after her husband died in 1927. When arthritis impaired her embroidering, she turned to painting. She had her first exhibition in a drugstore in 1938 at age 78. She went on to produce more than 1,000 nostalgic, naively executed scenes of turn-of-the-century rural life (e.g., Catching the Thanksgiving Turkey, Over the River to Grandma's House). By 1939 her pictures were being exhibited internationally, and from 1946 they were regularly reproduced on holiday greeting cards.

Learn more about Moses, Grandma with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Grandma's Marathon is an annual road race held in late spring in Duluth, Minnesota, in the United States. The course runs point-to-point from the town of Two Harbors on Scenic Route 61 and continues along Lake Superior into the city of Duluth. The finish is located in Canal Park, near Grandma's Restaurant, which is next to the highly visible Aerial Lift Bridge.

Grandma's was first run in 1977 with only 150 participants; the first race was won by the famous Minnesotan runner Garry Bjorklund. Since Grandma's Restaurant sponsored the race, it became its namesake. At the present time, Grandma's Marathon is run by almost 10,000 runners every year.

The record time for Grandma's is 2:09:37, set in 1981 by Wayzata, Minnesota native Dick Beardsley.

Grandma's Marathon also includes other running events in addition to the full marathon. These include the Garry Bjorklund Half Marathon, the William A. Irvin 5k, the Fitger's 5k, the Park Point 5 Miler, and the Grandma's Minnesota Mile, as well as several "whipper snapper" races for kids.

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