Gran Turismo is a Italian term of reference to the "Grand Tour" and roughly translates into English as "Grand Touring" (and in French as "Grand Tourisme").
Gran Turismo automobiles
Gran Turismo is today almost exclusively thought of in the context of automobiles - this seems especially true in recent years with examples such as the computer game series Gran Turismo (see below) serving to highlight the term's popular perception. Its automobile origins however lie with the "GT" naming tradition emerging from Italy. Manufacturers such as Alfa Romeo
often designated their cars as Gran Turismo. The 1951 Lancia Aurelia
B20 GT, for example being one of the first cars to sport such a name.
The GT term has many variations:
- GTI or GTi - meaning Gran Turismo Iniezione (Grand Touring Injection), first used on the 1961 Maserati 3500 GTI. The Volkswagen Golf GTI (1975) was the first mass produced car to have such a name.
- GTE or GT/E (Einspritzung - a German word for injection) used in Germany and present for example on the Opel Manta GT/E.
- GTO (Gran Turismo Omologato) meaning homologated car for racing (used by Ferrari, Pontiac and Mitsubishi).
- GTA (Gran Turismo Alleggerita) meaning lightened GT car. For example the Alfa Romeo GTA.
- GTAm (modified lightened car). For example the Alfa Romeo GTAm.
- GTB (Gran Turismo Berlinetta) meaning a coupe GT car. For example the Ferrari 328 GTB.
- GTC (Gran Turismo Compact) for example Opel Astra GTC
- GTS (Gran Turismo Spider) meaning a convertible GT car. For example the Ferrari 348 GTS.
- GTV (Gran Turismo Veloce) meaning a fast GT car. For example the Alfa Romeo GTV6.
Today the term Grand Tourer, or Gran Turismo is synonymous with the high-powered sports cars that take part in long distance or endurance races like 24 Hours of Le Mans, Mille Miglia, Targa Florio, Carrera Panamericana. Examples include:
After these famous races and cars, several road cars and even computer games adopted the Gran Turismo name: