Reaping with a scythe before the invention of the cradle readily resulted in the grain forming a muddled carpet on the field, making gathering and transport time-consuming.
In 1794, a Scottish farmer invented "a most marvellous and wonderful machine for cutting grain" . This was the cradle, which revolutionized the harvesting of grains.
The center of interest in this agricultural tool was the midwest, where grain growing was a major industry. United States patents in the decades from 1820 to 1930 totaled 50, the first issued in 1823 to a gentleman in western New York state and the last issued in 1924 to a gentleman in West Virginia. The peak of innovation was in the third quarter of the 19th century .
The cradle was commonly used throughout the 1800s and into the beginning of the 20th century, in part because many of the smaller farms were not designed for mechanical reaping and in part because there were still a great number of smaller farms where the mechanical reaper was not economical. However, by the end of the 19th century the cradle had been generally replaced by the mechanical reaper, a horse-drawn (or tractor-drawn) machine patented by Cyrus McCormick in 1834, and later by other mechanical methods of harvesting such as the combine harvester.
Contract Notice: North Carolina Department of Correction Issues Invitation for Bids for Grain Combine, Grain Table Repairing Parts
Feb 03, 2011; RALEIGH, N. C., Feb. 3 -- North Carolina Department of Correction, Caledonia Prison Farms has issued an Invitation for Bids (No....