Definitions

Grafton

Grafton

[graf-tuhn, grahf-]
Grafton, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3d duke of, 1735-1811, British statesman. After serving as a secretary of state (1765-66), he became first lord of the treasury in Lord Chatham's administration (1766-68) and, because of Chatham's illness, effective chief minister. He officially became chief minister in 1768. His handling of the John Wilkes affair and the growing crisis in the American colonies led to the break-up of his ministry, and he resigned in 1770. He was lord privy seal under Lord North (1771-75) and under lords Rockingham (1782) and Shelburne (1782-83).
Grafton, Richard, d. c.1572, London publisher and printer. In 1539 with Edward Whitchurch he printed the Great Bible in black letter (see type). He printed the first edition of the Book of Common Prayer also in black letter. Grafton was printer to King Edward VI, and a protégé of Thomas Cromwell. He earned a minor place among English chroniclers.
Grafton, town (1990 pop. 13,035), Worcester co., S central Mass.; built on the site of a Native American village; est. by Puritans c.1654, inc. 1731. Leather products and abrasives are made there.
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