Graf

Graf

[graf, grahf]
Yorck von Wartenburg or York von Wartenburg, Ludwig, Graf, 1759-1830, Prussian army officer. He commanded the Prussian auxiliary corps that had been sent to aid in the campaign of the French emperor Napoleon I against Russia (1812). When he realized that the expedition was doomed to failure he withdrew on his own responsibility from the fighting and concluded the Convention of Tauroggen with the Russians (see Taurage). His action was lauded by the nationalistic Prussians, desirous of escaping from their virtual vassalage to France, which had been imposed by the treaty of Tilsit in 1807 following Prussia's defeat by France. King Frederick William III of Prussia subsequently approved his act, and Prussia entered the coalition against Napoleon. Yorck defeated (1813) a French force at Wartenburg in Saxony, thus earning his title.
York von Wartenburg, Ludwig, Graf: see Yorck von Wartenburg, Ludwig, Graf.
Czernin, Ottokar, Graf, 1872-1932, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister. He was an adviser to Archduke Francis Ferdinand. As foreign minister (1916-18) he sought a negotiated peace, but was unwilling to abandon Austrian war aims in Italy and the Balkans. He was one of the negotiators of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Czernin was dismissed after the private peace-making attempts of Emperor Charles I, extended through Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma, were dramatically disclosed by the French premier, Clemenceau.
Conrad von Hötzendorf, Franz, Graf, 1852-1925, Austro-Hungarian field marshal. He served (1906-11, 1912-17) as chief of staff and led the Austro-Hungarian armies in World War I. After his dismissal in 1917 because of his opposition to the peace plans of Emperor Charles I, he held (1917-18) an Austro-Hungarian command on the Italian front.

See his memoirs (5 vol., 1921-25).

Graf, Steffi, 1969-, German tennis player. A powerful baseliner, she drew international attention by winning the 1984 Olympic demonstration event. Graf won her first major title, the French Open, in 1987. In 1988 she captured the Grand Slam (Australian, French, and U.S. opens and Wimbledon), becoming the third woman to do so, and won the Olympic singles gold medal. Before retiring in 1999, Graf held the top world ranking a record 186 consecutive weeks in 1987-91 (and a record 377 weeks in all). She won 22 Grand Slam singles titles: four Australian Opens, six French Opens (the last in 1999), seven Wimbledon titles, and five U.S. Opens. She is married to Andre Agassi.
Graf or Graff, Urs, c.1485-1528, Swiss wood engraver, etcher, painter, and goldsmith, studied at Basel. He was influenced by the work of Dürer and Hans Baldung. One of the first to employ effectively the technique of white-line engraving, he was known for his lively humor and fantasy, as well as for his more serious religious aspect. A pen drawing of 1523 (Kupferstichkabinett, Basel), thought to be Lucretia, is representative of his vigorous, Düreresque style.
in full Stephanie Maria Graf

(born June 14, 1969, Brühl, W.Ger.) German tennis player. At age 13 she became the second youngest player ever to earn an international ranking. In 1987 she won her first grand-slam event (the French Open), and in 1988 she won all four grand-slam events (French, Australian, U.S., and Wimbledon) and an Olympic gold medal. Sidetracked by knee surgery in 1997, she played her way back to the top, winning the French Open in 1999 for her 22nd grand-slam h1 (including seven Wimbledon championships).

Learn more about Graf, Steffi with a free trial on Britannica.com.

in full Stephanie Maria Graf

(born June 14, 1969, Brühl, W.Ger.) German tennis player. At age 13 she became the second youngest player ever to earn an international ranking. In 1987 she won her first grand-slam event (the French Open), and in 1988 she won all four grand-slam events (French, Australian, U.S., and Wimbledon) and an Olympic gold medal. Sidetracked by knee surgery in 1997, she played her way back to the top, winning the French Open in 1999 for her 22nd grand-slam h1 (including seven Wimbledon championships).

Learn more about Graf, Steffi with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Graf is a city in Dubuque County, Iowa, United States. It is part of the 'Dubuque, Iowa Metropolitan Statistical Area'. The population was 73 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Graf is located at (42.494967, -90.872077).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 73 people, 23 households, and 22 families residing in the city. The population density was 521.4 people per square mile (201.3/km²). There were 23 housing units at an average density of 164.3/sq mi (63.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 23 households out of which 56.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.3% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 4.3% were non-families. 4.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $56,250, and the median income for a family was $56,250. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $24,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,438. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.

References

External links

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