is an administrative division
of a country. It is headed by a governor
. As English-speaking
nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states
, the term governorate
is sometimes used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.
The most common usage is as a translation of the Arabic muhafazah. It may also refer to the guberniya and general-gubernatorstvo of Imperial Russia or the 34 gobernaciones of Imperial Spain.
The term governorate
is widely used in Arab countries to describe an administrative unit. Some governorates combine more than one wilayah
; others closely follow traditional boundaries inherited from the Ottoman Empire
With the exception of Tunisia, all translations into the term governorate originate in the Arab word muhafazah.
In the Spanish Empire
, the Categoría:Gobernaciones indianas
were an administrative division, roughly analogous to a province
directly beneath the level of the audiencia
or captaincy general
, and the viceroy
in areas directly under the viceroy's administration. The powers and duties of a governor were identical to a corregidor
but a governor managed a larger or more prosperous area than the former.
Congress Kingdom of Poland
During the time of the Third Reich
, a "General Government
for the Occupied Polish Areas" (German: Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete
) existed. The German (based on a traditional Prussian
term) is sometimes translated as General Governorate
Under the Fundamental Law for the Vatican City State
, the pope
's executive authority
for the Vatican City
is exercised by the Governorate for the Vatican City State. The President
of the Vatican City's legislative body is ex officio
the President of the Governorate. The other key officers of the Governorate are the General Secretary and the Vice General Secretary. All three officers are appointed by the pope for five year terms.