Definitions

Governorate

Governorate

[guhv-er-ner-it, -nuh-reyt, -uh-ner-, -uh-nuh-]
A Governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or colonies, the term governorate is sometimes used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.

The most common usage is as a translation of the Arabic muhafazah. It may also refer to the guberniya and general-gubernatorstvo of Imperial Russia or the 34 gobernaciones of Imperial Spain.

Arab countries

The term governorate is widely used in Arab countries to describe an administrative unit. Some governorates combine more than one wilayah; others closely follow traditional boundaries inherited from the Ottoman Empire's vilayet system.

With the exception of Tunisia, all translations into the term governorate originate in the Arab word muhafazah.

Imperial Russia

Imperial Spain

In the Spanish Empire, the Categoría:Gobernaciones indianas were an administrative division, roughly analogous to a province directly beneath the level of the audiencia or captaincy general, and the viceroy in areas directly under the viceroy's administration. The powers and duties of a governor were identical to a corregidor but a governor managed a larger or more prosperous area than the former.

Congress Kingdom of Poland

Germany

During the time of the Third Reich, a "General Government for the Occupied Polish Areas" (German: Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) existed. The German (based on a traditional Prussian term) is sometimes translated as General Governorate.

Vatican City

Under the Fundamental Law for the Vatican City State, the pope's executive authority for the Vatican City is exercised by the Governorate for the Vatican City State. The President of the Vatican City's legislative body is ex officio the President of the Governorate. The other key officers of the Governorate are the General Secretary and the Vice General Secretary. All three officers are appointed by the pope for five year terms.

References

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