Gouvion-Saint-Cyr, Laurent, marquis de

Gouvion-Saint-Cyr, Laurent, marquis de

Gouvion-Saint-Cyr, Laurent, marquis de, 1764-1830, marshal of France. He served in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and was made marshal following his victory at Polotsk (1812). After the Bourbon restoration he served twice (1815, 1817-19) as minister of war and was instrumental in passing a law to organize military recruitment by voluntary pledges and lottery and limit the arbitrariness of promotions. Because of these attempts to limit the influence of the émigré nobility in the officer corps, he was forced from office by the ultraroyalists. He wrote on the Napoleonic Wars and left personal memoirs.
The toponym Saint-Cyr refers to the popular child-saint Saint Quiricus (Cyriacus), whose cult was strong in France because relics were brought back from Antioch by the 4th-century Bishop Saint Amator of Auxerre. It may refer to:

The name or part of the name of several communes in France:


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