Definitions

Gosplan

Gosplan

[gos-plahn]
Gosplan or State Planning Committee (Russian: Госпла́н, ) was the committee responsible for economic planning in the Soviet Union. The word "Gosplan" is an ­abbreviation for Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Planirovaniyu (Russian: Государственный комитет по планированию, State Committee for Planning). One of its main duties was the creation of Five-Year Plans.

History

The body was formed on February 22, 1921 as the "RSFSR State Planning Commission", by decree of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic's Sovnarkom. The GOELRO plan, the first large-scale Soviet plan to recover the Russian economy, was first to put Gosplan to the test. After the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on August 21, 1923, the USSR State Planning Commission of the USSR Council of Labour and Defence (СТО СССР, Совет Труда и Обороны СССР) was established. The abbreviation "Gosplan" has been in use since 1921.

Initially Gosplan had an advisory role. Its primary objective was the co-ordination of the economic plans of Union republics and the creation of the common Union plan. In 1925 Gosplan started creating annual economic plans, known as "control numbers" (контрольные цифры). who had worked on issues to do with electrification in 1920.

Its work was coordinated with the USSR Central Statistical Directorate (центральное статистическое управление СССР), the Narkomat of Finance, and the All-Union Council of State Economy (ВСНХ), and later with Gosbank and Gossnab.

With the introduction of five year plans in 1928, Gosplan became responsible for their creation and supervision according to the outlines set out by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

In 1930 the Statistical Directorate was merged into Gosplan, and on February 3, 1931 Gosplan was resubordinated to the Sovnarkom.

In May 1955 Gosplan was split into two commissions: the USSR Council of Ministers State Commission for Perspective Planning (Государственная комиссия СМ СССР по перспективному планированию, USSR Gosplan), and the USSR Council of Ministers Economic Commission for Immediate State Economic Planning (Государственнaая экономическая комиссия СМ СССР по текущему планированию народного хозяйства, Госэкономкомиссия СССР). These were, respectively, tasked with predictive and immediate planning. The work of the latter was based on the five-year plans delivered by Gosplan, with Gosplan planning 10–15 years ahead.

Gosplan was headquartered at the building now occupied by the Federation Council of Russia, in Moscow.

Regionalisation Commission

In May 1921, with the introduction of the New Economic Policy, Gosplan's Council of labour and Defense set up the Regionalisation Committee, tasked with developing a concrete plan for the economic-administrative organisation of the RSFSR. Largely composed of technical staff - professional engineers and economists from imperialist days, it was led by Ivan Gavrilovich Alexandrov, former member of the State Commission for the Electrification of Russia, but not however a member of the Bolshevik Party. The commission looked at alternatives to ethno-territorial regionalisation, discussing the issue with the People's Commissariat of Agriculture, the Central Statistical Directorate and the Supreme Soviet (VTsIK) Administrative Commission.

Heads of Gosplan

Name Dates Leader(s) Served Under
Took Office Left Office
State Planning Commission
Gleb Krzhizhanovsky (1st term) August 13, 1921 December 11, 1923 Vladimir Lenin
Alexander Tsuryupa December 11, 1923 November 18, 1925 Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin
Gleb Krzhizhanovsky (2nd term) November 18, 1925 November 10, 1930 Joseph Stalin
Valerian Kuibyshev November 10, 1930 April 25, 1934 Joseph Stalin
Valery Mezhlauk (1st term) April 25, 1934 February 25, 1937 Joseph Stalin
Gennady Smirnov February 25, 1937 October 17, 1937 Joseph Stalin
Valery Mezhlauk (2nd term) October 17, 1937 December 1, 1937 Joseph Stalin
Nikolai Voznesensky (1st term) January 19, 1938 March 10, 1941 Joseph Stalin
Maksim Saburov (1st term) March 10, 1941 December 8, 1942 Joseph Stalin
Nikolai Voznesensky (2nd term) December 8, 1942 January 9, 1948 Joseph Stalin
State Planning Committee
Nikolai Voznesensky January 9, 1948 March 5, 1949 Joseph Stalin
Maksim Saburov (2nd term) March 5, 1949 March 5, 1953 Joseph Stalin
Grigory Kosyachenko March 5, 1953 June 29, 1953 Georgy Malenkov
Maksim Saburov (3rd term) June 29, 1953 May 25, 1955 Georgy Malenkov
State Commission for Advance Planning of the National Economy
Nikolai Baibakov (1st term) May 25, 1955 May 3, 1957 Georgy Malenkov, Nikita Khrushchev
Iosif Kuzmin May 3, 1957 May 10, 1957 Nikita Khrushchev
State Planning Committee
Iosif Kuzmin May 10, 1957 March 20, 1959 Nikita Khrushchev
Aleksei Kosygin March 20, 1959 May 4, 1960 Nikita Khrushchev
Vladimir Novikov May 4, 1960 July 17, 1962 Nikita Khrushchev
Veniamin Dymshits July 17, 1962 November 24, 1962 Nikita Khrushchev
Pyotr Lomako November 24, 1962 October 2, 1965 Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev
Nikolai Baibakov (2nd term) October 2, 1965 October 14, 1985 Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev
Nikolai Talyzin October 14, 1985 February 5, 1988 Mikhail Gorbachev
Yuri Maslyukov February 5, 1988 April 1, 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev

See also

References

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