1936-, English actress and politician. Jackson's first starring role was as Charlotte Corday in Marat/Sade
(1966) for the Royal Shakespeare Company
. A strong personality, she has excelled in both comedies and dramas. She won Academy Awards for roles in Women in Love
(1969) and A Touch of Class
(1973). Her other films include Sunday Bloody Sunday
(1972), The Maids
(1974), House Calls
(1978), Turtle Diary
(1986), and The Rainbow
(1990). In 1971 she played Elizabeth I in a critically acclaimed television series, and she has appeared on stage in such plays as Strange Interlude
(1984). In 1992 she retired from acting and was elected as a Labour member of Parliament from Hampstead; she was reelected in 1997. In 1999 she mounted an abortive candidacy for mayor of London.
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