Definitions

gladeye

Mycalesis patnia

The Gladeye Bushbrown (Mycalesis patnia) is a satyrid butterfly found in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Description

See glossary for terms used
Upperside: Male has a dark-umber-brown ground-colour slightly suffused with ochraceous. Fore and hind wings with bright ochraceous-yeilow, slender sub-terminal and terminal lines; cilia pale brown. Fore wing with a large median and a much smaller subapical white-centred black ocellus, each with an orange-yellow iris, the upper portion of the iris round the median ocellus very broad, the lower incomplete and a more or less triangular orange-yellow discal patch. Hind wing uniform, with two very small fulvous-ringed black ocelli.

Underside of male deep ochraceous yellow, subterminal and terminal line as on the upperside ; fore and hind wing crossed near base by a darker ochraceous-yellow line, followed by a silvery discal band, beyond which there are two ocelli as on the upperside, but each encircled also by an outer silvery ring; and on the hind wing a curved series of seven similar ocelli having a silvery band bordering them on both sides, the third and fourth ocelli from tornus together and the apical ocellus by itself placed on a brighter ochraceous patch encircled with black. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen brown, somewhat ochraceous beneath. Sex-mark is present in one morph.

Female is similar to the male but more strongly suffused with ochraceous on the upperside; the orange-yellow patch on the fore wing larger, spreading to the base of the wing and no ocelli on the hind wing. Underside as in the male, but of a brighter ochraceous yellow; basal area of both fore and hind wing crossed by two darker yellow bands, and the discoidal cell of the fore wing with an interior loop of the same colour.

The South Indian race M. p. junonia is identical to the nominate race from Sri Lanka but on the upperside is a duller brown colour; the median ocellus on the fore wing encircled with pure white ; no discal patch, or merely faint traces of one. Underside: markings similar to those in M. p. patnia, but altogether of a duller and browner shade, without any general ochraceous tint, a large bright ochraceous spot posteriorly on the hind wing in the male. The median ocellus on the fore wing broadly encircled with white. Male sex-marks are seen in one morph.

It has a wing expanse of 42-54 mm.

References

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