Definitions

Girard

Girard

[juh-rahrd]
Girard, Stephen, 1750-1831, American merchant, banker, and philanthropist, b. Bordeaux, France. Girard went to sea and at the age of 23 was a captain. In 1776 he settled in Philadelphia as a shipowner and merchant. He became wealthy and interested himself in the Bank of the United States. When its charter was not renewed, he set up his own bank in Philadelphia. He helped to finance the United States in the War of 1812, and in 1816 he put up a large amount of money for the Second Bank of the United States. Girard contributed much to the improvement of Philadelphia. He bequeathed several million dollars to found Girard College.

See biographies by J. B. McMaster (1918) and C. A. Herrick (1923); H. E. Wildes, Lonely Midas (1943); M. Minnegarde, Certain Rich Men (1970).

Girard, city (1990 pop. 11,304), Trumbull co., NE Ohio, adjacent to Youngstown, on the Mahoning River; settled c.1800, inc. 1891. Its ironworks date from 1866. Chief manufactures include plastic and metal products and chemicals.

(born May 20, 1750, Bordeaux, France—died Dec. 26, 1831, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.) French-born American financier and philanthropist. He became a sailor at age 14; by 1774 he was commanding a French ship involved in American coastal trade with the West Indies. He settled in Philadelphia during the American Revolution and resumed trading in 1783. He developed an efficient, worldwide trading fleet and amassed a fortune. In 1812 he bought out the Bank of the United States, renaming it the Bank of Stephen Girard. During the War of 1812 he purchased government bonds, which by 1814 constituted 95percnt of the U.S.'s war loan. He bequeathed his fortune to social-welfare institutions, including Stephen Girard College for male orphans (founded 1833).

Learn more about Girard, Stephen with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born May 20, 1750, Bordeaux, France—died Dec. 26, 1831, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.) French-born American financier and philanthropist. He became a sailor at age 14; by 1774 he was commanding a French ship involved in American coastal trade with the West Indies. He settled in Philadelphia during the American Revolution and resumed trading in 1783. He developed an efficient, worldwide trading fleet and amassed a fortune. In 1812 he bought out the Bank of the United States, renaming it the Bank of Stephen Girard. During the War of 1812 he purchased government bonds, which by 1814 constituted 95percnt of the U.S.'s war loan. He bequeathed his fortune to social-welfare institutions, including Stephen Girard College for male orphans (founded 1833).

Learn more about Girard, Stephen with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Girard is a city in Burke County, Georgia, USA. The population was 227 at the 2000 census.

History

Gerard was incorporated in 1902.

Geography

Girard is located at (33.040994, -81.711108).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km²), of which, 3.2 square miles (8.3 km²) of it is land and 0.31% is water.

Girard is located near the South Carolina state line on State Highway 23.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 227 people, 84 households, and 54 families residing in the city. The population density was 71.1 people per square mile (27.5/km²). There were 111 housing units at an average density of 34.8/sq mi (13.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 56.83% White, 41.41% African American, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.76% of the population.

There were 84 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.57.

In the town the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,857, and the median income for a family was $29,583. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $17,292 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,600. About 24.6% of families and 34.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 36.8% of those sixty five or over.

References

External links

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