gilia: see phlox.

Gilia is a genus of between 25-50 species of flowering plants in the family Polemoniaceae, native to temperate and tropical regions of the Americas, from the western United States south to northern Chile, where they occur mainly in desert or semi-desert habitats.

They are herbaceous annual, rarely perennial, growing to 10-120 cm tall. The leaves are spirally arranged, usually pinnate (rarely simple), forming a basal rosette in most species. The flowers are produced in a panicle, with a five-lobed corolla, which can be blue, white, pink or yellow.

Gilia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia aurantiaca and Schinia biundulata (the latter feeds exclusively on G. cana).Selected species:

  • Gilia millefoliata Manyleaf Gilia
  • Gilia minor Little Gilia
  • Gilia modocensis Modoc Gilia
  • Gilia nevinii Nevin's Gilia
  • Gilia nudicaulis
  • Gilia ochroleuca Volcanic Gilia
  • Gilia ophthalmoides Eyed Gilia
  • Gilia pusilla
  • Gilia ramosissima
  • Gilia salticola Salt Gilia
  • Gilia scopulorum Rock Gilia
  • Gilia sinuata Rosy Gilia
  • Gilia stellata Star Gilia
  • Gilia stewartii Stewart's Gilia
  • Gilia tenuiflora Greater Yellowthroat Gilia
  • Gilia transmontana Transmontane Gilia
  • Gilia tricolor Bird's-eye Gilia
  • Gilia tweedyi Tweedy's Gilia
  • Gilia valdiviensis
  • Gilia yorkii Boyden Cave Gilia
  • References

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