Gibson

Gibson

[gib-suhn]
Gibson, Althea, 1927-2003, African-American tennis player, b. Silver, S.C. In 1948 she won the first of 10 straight national black women's singles championships. She was the first African American to play in the U.S. grass court championships at Forest Hills, N.Y. (1950), and at Wimbledon, England (1951). In addition to many international tournament victories, she won the French women's singles championship in 1956 and the U.S. and British championships in both 1957 and 1958. She retired from competition in 1958. In 1971 she was named to the National Lawn Tennis Hall of Fame.

See her autobiography, I Always Wanted to Be Somebody (1958).

Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944, American illustrator, b. Roxbury, Mass., studied at the Art Students League and in Paris. His work for Life, Century, Harper's, Scribner's, Collier's Weekly, and other magazines established him as a leading illustrator and delineator of aristocratic social ideals, most notably that of the ideal woman who came to be known as the Gibson Girl. His incisive drawings of fashionable life often convey both humor and understanding. He illustrated numerous books, notably Anthony Hope's Prisoner of Zenda and R. H. Davis's Soldiers of Fortune. Among the books of his drawings are The Education of Mr. Pipp (1899), The Americans (1900), A Widow and Her Friends (1902), The Social Ladder (1902), and The Gibson Book (1906).
Gibson, John, 1740-1822, American frontiersman, b. Lancaster, Pa. After taking part in the capture (1758) of Fort Duquesne (renamed Fort Pitt) in the French and Indian War, he became a trader with the Native Americans there. He was captured in Pontiac's Rebellion and served in Lord Dunmore's War (see Dunmore, John Murray, 4th earl of). In the American Revolution he was principally useful in dealing with western Native Americans. For a time (1781-82) he was commander at Fort Pitt. Later he was living in Pennsylvania at the time of the Whiskey Rebellion and earned much animosity from his neighbors by siding with the government. He served (1800-1816) as secretary of the Indiana Territory and was of great aid to William Henry Harrison.
Gibson, John, 1790-1866, English sculptor of the classical school. His early promise gained him admirers, and in 1817 he was sent to Rome. There he worked successively in the studios of Canova and Thorvaldsen. He lived chiefly in Rome, although most of his commissions came from England. Gibson, invoking the precedent of the Greeks, endeavored to popularize tinted statues.

See biography by Lady Eastlake (1870), containing his autobiography.

Gibson, John Bannister, 1780-1853, American jurist, b. Westover Mills, Pa.; nephew of the American frontiersman John Gibson. He studied law, was unsuccessful in practice, and served (1810-12) with distinction in the state legislature before being appointed judge. In 1816, he became an associate justice and in 1827 the chief justice of the Pennsylvania supreme court. His diligent study made him an authority on the common law, and his many forceful, well-worded decisions, based on principles rather than precedents, showed great ability to adapt the law to a particular society and did much to mold Pennsylvania law. In Eakin v. Raub (1825) he offered a vigorous and influential dissent to the defense of judicial review in Marbury v. Madison. His decisions were widely quoted by contemporaries in England and the United States.

See his memoirs (ed. by T. P. Roberts, 1890).

Gibson, Josh (Joshua Gibson) 1911-47, American baseball player, b. Buena Vista, Ga. A catcher and the long-time batterymate of Satchel Paige, Gibson was called "the Babe Ruth of the Negro Leagues." Playing 17 years for the Pittsburgh Crawfords and the Homestead Grays, he is said to have hit 84 home runs one season and perhaps 800 in his career, and to be the only man to have hit a fair ball out of New York's Yankee Stadium. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972.
Gibson, Paris, 1830-1920, American pioneer and politician, b. Brownfield, Maine. After serving in the Maine legislature he moved to Minneapolis, where he built the first flour mill and started woolen mills. By 1879 he was in Fort Benton, Mont., where he became a sheep raiser. Realizing the industrial value of the great falls of the Missouri River, he promoted and planned the city of Great Falls, becoming its first mayor. He was a pioneer in power mining, railroading, and sheep raising in Montana. As U.S. senator (1901-5) he urged progressive Western views on conservation, reclamation, and homestead legislation.
Gibson, Randall Lee, 1832-92, Confederate general and U.S. legislator, b. Woodford co., Ky. Gibson served in most of the Western campaigns of the Civil War, first as an artillery officer and later as commander of an infantry brigade. After the war he practiced law in New Orleans and later was a U.S. representative (1875-83) and senator (1883-92). He was Paul Tulane's agent in reorganizing the Univ. of Louisiana as Tulane; he became the first president of the board of administrators of the university.
in full Joshua Gibson

(born Dec. 21, 1911, Buena Vista, Ga., U.S.—died Jan. 20, 1947, Pittsburgh, Pa.) U.S. baseball player. Gibson played as a catcher in the Negro leagues for the Pittsburgh Crawfords (1927–29, 1932–36) and the Homestead (Pa.) Grays (1930–31, 1937–46). Though precise records do not exist, he is believed to have led the Negro leagues in home runs for 10 consecutive seasons and to have had a career batting average of .347. His catching ability was praised by major-league stars against whom he played in exhibition games. Often called “the black Babe Ruth,” he was one of the greatest players kept from the major leagues by the unwritten rule barring black ballplayers. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972.

Learn more about Gibson, Josh with a free trial on Britannica.com.

in full Joshua Gibson

(born Dec. 21, 1911, Buena Vista, Ga., U.S.—died Jan. 20, 1947, Pittsburgh, Pa.) U.S. baseball player. Gibson played as a catcher in the Negro leagues for the Pittsburgh Crawfords (1927–29, 1932–36) and the Homestead (Pa.) Grays (1930–31, 1937–46). Though precise records do not exist, he is believed to have led the Negro leagues in home runs for 10 consecutive seasons and to have had a career batting average of .347. His catching ability was praised by major-league stars against whom he played in exhibition games. Often called “the black Babe Ruth,” he was one of the greatest players kept from the major leagues by the unwritten rule barring black ballplayers. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972.

Learn more about Gibson, Josh with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Sept. 14, 1867, Roxbury, Mass., U.S.—died Dec. 23, 1944, New York, N.Y.) U.S. illustrator. He studied at New York's Art Students League and began to contribute drawings to Life, Scribner's, Harper's, and Century. His “Gibson girl” drawings, relying on his wife as a model, defined the U.S. ideal of spirited feminine beauty at the turn of the century, and his refined pen-and-ink style was widely imitated. Collier's reportedly paid him the unprecedented sum of $50,000 to produce a double-page illustration every week for a year. He also published several collections of satirical drawings of high society.

Learn more about Gibson, Charles Dana with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Aug. 25, 1927, Silver, S.C., U.S.—died Sept. 28, 2003, East Orange, N.J.) U.S. tennis player. She was the first black player to win the French (1956), Wimbledon (1957–58), and U.S. Open (1957–58) singles championships. She won a total of 11 grand-slam events. Ranked first in the U.S. in 1957 and 1958, she was voted Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press both years, the first African American to receive that honour.

Learn more about Gibson, Althea with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Sept. 14, 1867, Roxbury, Mass., U.S.—died Dec. 23, 1944, New York, N.Y.) U.S. illustrator. He studied at New York's Art Students League and began to contribute drawings to Life, Scribner's, Harper's, and Century. His “Gibson girl” drawings, relying on his wife as a model, defined the U.S. ideal of spirited feminine beauty at the turn of the century, and his refined pen-and-ink style was widely imitated. Collier's reportedly paid him the unprecedented sum of $50,000 to produce a double-page illustration every week for a year. He also published several collections of satirical drawings of high society.

Learn more about Gibson, Charles Dana with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Aug. 25, 1927, Silver, S.C., U.S.—died Sept. 28, 2003, East Orange, N.J.) U.S. tennis player. She was the first black player to win the French (1956), Wimbledon (1957–58), and U.S. Open (1957–58) singles championships. She won a total of 11 grand-slam events. Ranked first in the U.S. in 1957 and 1958, she was voted Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press both years, the first African American to receive that honour.

Learn more about Gibson, Althea with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Gibson is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,678 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Little RockNorth Little RockConway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Gibson is located at (34.882353, -92.228059).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21.3 km²), of which, 8.2 square miles (21.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.24%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,678 people, 1,686 households, and 1,402 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 569.4 people per square mile (219.7/km²). There were 1,745 housing units at an average density of 212.4/sq mi (82.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.21% White, 8.89% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.15% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. 2.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,686 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.8% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,705, and the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $32,935 versus $25,291 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,919. About 4.7% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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