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giant sequoia

giant sequoia

giant sequoia: see sequoia.
The following is a list of Giant Sequoia groves. All groves are located in moist, unglaciated ridges and valleys of the west slope of the Sierra Nevada range in California, USA. They occur between 1370-2000 m (4500-6500 ft) altitude in the northern half of the range, and 1700-2250 m (5500-7500 ft) in the south. Groves in the northern half of the range (north of the Kings River) are widely scattered and mostly small, while those south of the Kings River are more numerous. The total area of all the groves combined is approximately 14,416 ha (35,607 acres). The groves are listed from north to south in the list below.

This list is based on four different sources, with slightly varying views on what constitutes a discrete grove; the differing interpretations are noted in italics. The lists of groves were compiled by Rundel (1972; recognizing 75 groves), Flint (1987; recognizing 65 groves), Willard (1994; recognizing 65 groves), and the Giant Sequoia National Monument Visitor's Guide (2003). Currently, the U.S. National Park Service cites Rundel's total of 75 groves in its visitor publications. The updated lists from Willard and Flint are now known to be more accurate, therefore some of Rundel's 75 grove's have been removed from this list. Below compiles a list of 68 sequoia groves.

North of the Kings River

Eight scattered groves north of the Kings River; locations listed individually:

  1. Placer County Grove. In Tahoe National Forest, Placer County. The northernmost grove, with only six trees, the largest 3.6 m (12 ft) in diameter. 1580 m.
  2. North Calaveras Grove. In Calaveras Big Trees State Park, Calaveras County. The first grove documented, in 1852. 1450-1480 m.
  3. South Calaveras Grove. In Calaveras Big Trees State Park, Tuolumne County. Includes the Agassiz tree. 1450-1500 m.
  4. Tuolumne Grove. In Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County. 1700-1800 m.
  5. Merced Grove. In Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County. 1700-1800 m.
  6. Mariposa Grove. In Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County. Includes 'Grizzly Giant' tree 1750-2050 m.
  7. Nelder Grove. Three units, partially logged; site of the Shadow of the Giants National Recreation Trail. In Sierra National Forest, Madera County. 1600-1700 m.
  8. McKinley Grove. In Sierra National Forest, Fresno County. 1900-1950 m.

Kings River watershed

The 16 groves in the Kings River watershed are in Kings Canyon National Park (KCNP), the northern section of Giant Sequoia National Monument (GSNM), or Sequoia National Forest (SeNF), in southernmost Fresno County and Tulare County:

  1. Indian Basin Grove (GSNM) A mid-size grove, mostly logged. 1800-2000 m.
  2. Converse Basin Grove (GSNM). Once the second-largest grove, but much logged around 1890-1900; good regrowth of young trees. Home of the 'Boole' tree, the sixth largest tree by volume. Also home of the 'Chicago Stump', left over from a tree cut for the 1893 World Columbian Exposition. 1800-2000 m.
  3. Lockwood Grove (GSNM). 1700-1800 m.
  4. Monarch Grove (GSNM). Immediately north of the Agnew Grove, near Monarch Wilderness boundary. On Forest Service GSNM map.
  5. Evans Grove (GSNM). Heavily logged, before 1920. 36°48'N 118°49'30"W 2050-2250 m.
  6. Agnew & Deer Meadow Grove (GSNM). 1950-2000 m.
  7. Cherry Gap Grove (GSNM). Logged. Located between Converse Basin Grove and Grant Grove, near McGee Overlook (). 2070 m.
  8. Abbott Creek Grove (GSNM). 1900 m. Listed by Rundel and Flint; very small (largely logged); too few trees to qualify as a grove according to Willard.
  9. Kennedy Grove (GSNM). 2050-2250 m. Contains the 13th largest giant sequoia in the world, The Ishi Giant.
  10. Little Boulder Creek Grove (GSNM). 2000 m.
  11. Boulder Creek Grove (GSNM). 2050 m.
  12. Landslide Grove (GSNM). 2050-2250 m.
  13. Bearskin Grove (GSNM). 1850-1900 m.
  14. Grant Grove (KCNP). Includes 'General Grant'. 1750-2000 m.
  15. Sequoia Creek Grove (KCNP). 1850 m.
  16. Big Stump Grove (KCNP/GSNM). 1850 m.

Kaweah River watershed

The 23 groves in the Kaweah River watershed are all in Sequoia National Park or in private ownership, except the northernmost:

  1. Redwood Mountain Grove (KCNP/GSNM). The largest grove, 1240 ha (3100 acres), with 15,800 sequoias 30 cm (one foot) or more in diameter at the base.
  2. Lost Grove. Contains no very large trees, but one tree with a large flaring base, with a perimeter of 104.6 feet.
  3. Muir Grove. Contains one tree of great size.
  4. Skagway Grove.
  5. Pine Ridge Grove.
  6. Suwanee Grove.
  7. Giant Forest in Sequoia National Park. Includes half of the ten largest trees by volume, including the largest, 'General Sherman', and 8,400 others 30 cm (one foot) or more diameter at their base.
  8. Redwood Meadow Grove.
  9. Castle Creek Grove.
  10. Atwell Mill Grove. The highest elevation Giant Sequoias are in this grove, this grove contains three trees that are among the thirty largest giant sequoias in the world.
  11. Oriole Grove.
  12. New Oriole Grove.
  13. Eden Creek Grove.
  14. Horse Creek Grove.
  15. Cahoon Creek Grove.
  16. Case Mountain Grove. Mostly in private ownership.
  17. Coffeepot Canyon Grove.
  18. Surprise Grove.
  19. Homers Nose Grove.
  20. Board Camp Grove.
  21. South Fork Grove.
  22. Garfield Grove. Home of 'King Arthur', ninth largest by volume. Now includes Dillonwood Grove.
  23. Devils Canyon Grove.

Tule River and Kern River watersheds

The 21 groves in the Tule River and Kern River watersheds are mostly in Giant Sequoia National Monument (GSNM), with some areas in Sequoia National Park (SNP), California State Forest (CSF) and Tule Indian Reservation (TIR); all in southern Tulare County.

  1. Dennison Grove (SNP).
  2. Upper Tule Grove (GSNM). Included on Forest Service GSNM map.
  3. Maggie Mountain Grove (GSNM).
  4. Silver Creek Grove (GSNM).
  5. Mountain Home Grove (CSF / GSNM). Home of the 'Genesis' tree, seventh largest by volume, this grove also contains the smaller Middle Tule Grove
  6. Burro Creek Grove (GSNM).
  7. Wishon Grove (GSNM). South of Silver Creek Grove. Included on Forest Service GSNM map.
  8. Alder Creek Grove (GSNM / private); also known as Hossack, Pixley, or Ross Creek Grove. Home of 'Alonzo Stagg', the fifth largest tree by volume. Also home to the Waterfall tree, which has the largest circumference and diameter at ground level of any sequoia.
  9. McIntyre Grove (GSNM).
  10. Carr Wilson Grove(GSNM); also known as Bear Creek Grove.
  11. Freeman Creek Grove (GSNM).
  12. Black Mountain Grove (GSNM / TIR / private). Heavily logged in 1984, though mature sequoias were not cut.
  13. Red Hill Grove (GSNM / private).
  14. Peyrone Grove (GSNM / TIR).
  15. South Peyrone Grove (GSNM) New discovery by Willard in 1992.
  16. Long Meadow Grove (GSNM), Site of the Trail of 100 Giants and one tree of great size.
  17. Parker Peak Grove (TIR).
  18. Cunningham Grove (GSNM).
  19. Starvation Creek Grove (GSNM).
  20. Packsaddle Grove (GSNM).
  21. Deer Creek Grove (GSNM). The southernmost grove.

References

  • Flint, W. D. (2002). To find the biggest tree.
  • Rundel, P. W. (1972). An annotated checklist of the groves of Sequoiadendron giganteum in the Sierra Nevada, California. Madroño 21: 319-328.
  • Willard, D. (1994). The natural Giant Sequoia groves of the Sierra Nevada, California - an updated annotated list. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-151: 159-164.
  • Giant Sequoia National Monument Visitor's Guide. (2003).

See also

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