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Geshur or Geshuri, in the Bible. 1 Small Aramaic kingdom that remained in the territory allotted to Manasseh. It occupied barren land NE of the Sea of Galilee. After the division of Israel, it became a part of the Aramaic kingdom of Damascus. A daughter of one of its kings married David and was the mother of Absalom. See Aram 1. 2 Aboriginal people in Philistia.
Geshur was a territory in the northern part of Bashan, adjoining the province of Argob (Deuteronomy iii. 14) and the kingdom of Aram or Syria (II Samuel xv. 8; I Chronicles ii. 23). It was allotted to the half-tribe of Manasseh, which settled east of the Jordan river; but its inhabitants, the Geshurites, could never be expelled (Josh. xiii. 13). In the time of David, Geshur was an independent kingdom: David married a daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur (II Sam. iii. 3). Her son Absalom fled, after the murder of his half-brother, to his mother's native country, where he stayed three years (ib. xiii. 37, xv. 8). Geshur is identified with the plateau called to-day "Lejah," in the center of the Hauran.
The Geshurites (unrelated to the above) were a people who dwelt in the desert between Arabia and Philistia (Josh. xiii. 2 [A. V. "Geshuri"]; I Sam. xxvii. 8; in the latter citation the Geshurites are mentioned together with the Gezerites and Amalekites.
Kibbutz Geshur is a kibbutz in Israel.


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