Cardano, Geronimo, 1501-76, Italian physician and mathematician. His works on arithmetic and algebra established his reputation. Barred from official status as a physician because of his illegitimate birth, he practiced as a medical astrologer. His major work, De subtilitate rerum (1550), on natural history, is perceptive and implies a grasp of evolutionary principles. His book on games of chance represents the first organized theory of probability. Cardano described a tactile system similar to Braille for teaching the blind and thought it possible to teach the deaf by signs.

See his The Book of my Life (1643, tr. 1930); studies by O. Ore (with a tr. of Cardano's Book of Games of Chance, 1965) and A. Wykes (1969).

Geronimo, c.1829-1909, leader of a Chiricahua group of the Apaches, b. Arizona. As a youth he participated in the forays of Cochise, Victorio, and other Apache leaders. When the Chiricahua Reservation was abolished (1876) and the Apaches removed to the arid San Carlos Agency in New Mexico, Geronimo led a group of followers into Mexico. He was soon captured and returned to the new reservation, where he farmed for a while. In 1881 he escaped again with a group (including a son of Cochise) and led raids in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico. He surrendered (1883) to forces under Gen. George Crook and was returned to the reservation. In 1885 he again left, and after almost a year of war he agreed to surrender to Crook, but at the last minute Geronimo fled. His escape led to censure of Crook's policy. Late in 1886, Geronimo and the remainder of his forces surrendered to Gen. Nelson Appleton Miles, Crook's successor. They were deported as prisoners of war to Florida; contrary to an agreement, they were not allowed to take their families with them. After a further period in prison in Alabama, Geronimo was placed under military confinement at Fort Sill, Okla., where he settled down, adopted Christianity, and became a prosperous farmer. He became a national celebrity when he appeared at the St. Louis World's Fair and in Theodore Roosevelt's inaugural procession. He dictated his autobiography to S. M. Barrett (1906, repr. 1970).

See biography by A. B. Adams (1971); studies by B. Davis (1929, repr. 1963), J. Bigelow (1958, repr. 1968), and O. B. Faulk (1969).

Geronimo is a town in Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 959 at the 2000 census. It is included in the Lawton, Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Geronimo is located at (34.481471, -98.383621).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.4 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 959 people, 344 households, and 266 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,807.5 people per square mile (698.6/km²). There were 393 housing units at an average density of 740.7/sq mi (286.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 73.41% White, 1.67% African American, 16.37% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 5.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.36% of the population.

There were 344 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,583, and the median income for a family was $30,833. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,236. About 13.7% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 28.9% of those age 65 or over.


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