Prosopis juliflora (Spanish: bayahonda blanca) is a shrub or small tree native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. It has become established as a weed in Asia, Australia and elsewhere. Its uses include forage, wood and environmental management. The tree grows to a height of up to and has a trunk with a diameter of up to .
This is a well-known plant in its native range as well as in India
, having a range of vernacular names, although no widely used English
one. It is called bayahonda blanca
and bayarone Français
. Other similar names are also used, including bayahonde
but these may also refer to any other Neotropical
member of the genus Prosopis
The tree is known by a range of other names in various parts of the world, including algarrobe, cambrón, cashaw, épinard, mesquite or mostrenco. In Hindi it is called Kabuli kikar, vilayati babul, vilayati khejra or vilayati kikar. The first of these means "Kabul acacia", the others mean, approximately, "introduced acacia". Many of the less-specific names are due to the fact that over large parts of its range, it is the most familiar and common species of Prosopis, and thus to locals simply "the" bayahonde, algarrobe, etc. "Velvet mesquite" is sometimes given as an English name, but properly refers to a different species, Prosopis velutina.
In the Wayuu language, spoken on the La Guajira Peninsula in northern Colombia and Venezuela, it is called trupillo or turpío.
This plant has been described under a number of now-invalid scientific names
- Acacia cumanensis Willd.
- Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd.
- Acacia salinarum (Vahl) DC.
- Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Heynh.
- Algarobia juliflora as defined by George Bentham refers only to the typical variety, Prosopis juliflora var. juliflora (Sw.) DC
- Desmanthus salinarum (Vahl) Steud.
- Mimosa juliflora Sw.
- Mimosa piliflora Sw.
- Mimosa salinarum Vahl
- Neltuma bakeri Britton & Rose
- Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf.
- Neltuma occidenatlis Britton & Rose
- Neltuma occidentalis Britton & Rose
- Neltuma pallescens Britton & Rose
- Prosopis bracteolata DC.
- Prosopis cumanensis (Willd.) Kunth
- Prosopis domingensis DC.
- Prosopis dulcis Kunth var. domingensis (DC.)Benth.
- Carl Sigismund Kunth's Prosopis dulcis is Prosopis laevigata. P. dulcis as described by William Jackson Hooker is Caldén (P. caldenia).
- Prosopis vidaliana Fern.-Vill.
Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz was sometimes considered to belong here too, but it is usually considered a good species these days. Several other authors misapplied P. chilensis to Honey Mesquite (P. glandulosa).
- (1983): Prosopis juliflora DC. In: Handbook of Energy Crops. Purdue University Center for New Crops & Plant Products. Version of 1998-JAN-08. Retrieved 2008-MAR-19.
- (2005): Prosopis juliflora Version 10.01, November 2005. Retrieved 2007-DEC-20.
- (2007): Uso, manejo y conservacion de "yosú", Stenocereus griseus (Cactaceae) en la Alta Guajira colombiana [Usage, Management and Conservation of yosú, Stenocereus griseus (Cactaceae), in the Upper Guajira, Colombia]. [Spanish with English abstract] Acta Biologica Colombiana 12(1): 99-112. PDF fulltext