The lesser omentum
(small omentum; gastrohepatic omentum) is the double layer of peritoneum
that extends from the liver
to the lesser curvature of the stomach
and the start of the duodenum
The lesser omentum is extremely thin, and is continuous with the two layers of peritoneum
which cover respectively the antero-superior and postero-inferior surfaces of the stomach and first part of the duodenum.
When these two layers reach the lesser curvature of the stomach and the upper border of the duodenum, they join together and ascend as a double fold to the porta hepatis.
To the left of the porta the fold is attached to the bottom of the fossa for the ductus venosus, along which it is carried to the diaphragm, where the two layers separate to embrace the end of the esophagus.
At the right border of the lesser omentum the two layers are continuous, and form a free margin which constitutes the anterior boundary of the epiploic foramen.
Anatomically, the lesser omentum is divided into ligaments, each starting with the prefix "hepato" to indicate that it connects to the liver at one end.
Most sources divide it into two parts:
Some sources include additional divisions:
Between the two layers of the lesser omentum, close to the right free margin, are the hepatic artery
, the common bile duct
, the portal vein
, and the hepatic plexus
of nerves—all these structures being enclosed in a fibrous capsule (Glisson's capsule
Between the layers of the lesser omentum, where they are attached to the stomach, run the right and left gastric arteries, as well as the gastric veins.
- - "The stomach and lesser omentum."
- - "Abdominal Cavity: The Lesser Omentum"
- - "Stomach, Spleen and Liver: Contents of the Hepatoduodenal Ligament"