Gari Melchers

Gari Melchers

Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932, American figure, genre, and portrait painter, b. Detroit, studied in Düsseldorf and Paris. In Holland he painted the canvases of Dutch peasant life that established his reputation. His decorations painted for the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago (1893), are now in the library of the Univ. of Michigan. In 1914, Melchers settled permanently in the United States and devoted himself primarily to portraits and mural paintings. Among his works are Madonna (Metropolitan Mus.) and portraits of President Theodore Roosevelt (Freer Coll., Smithsonian Inst., Washington, D.C.) and Charles Hutchinson (Art Inst., Chicago).

Julius Garibaldi Melchers (August 11 1860 - November 30, 1932) was an American artist. He was one of the leading American proponents of naturalism.


The son of German born American sculptor Julius Theodore Melchers, Gari Melchers was a native of Detroit, Michigan, who at seventeen studied art at Düsseldorf under von Gebhardt, and after three years went to Paris, where he worked at the Académie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux Arts where he studied under Lefebvre and Boulanger. Attracted by the pictorial side of Holland, he settled at Egmond. His first important Dutch picture, The Sermon, brought him honorable mention at the Paris Salon of 1886.

He became a member of the National Academy of Design, New York; the Royal Academy of Berlin; Socit Nationale des Beaux Arts, Paris; International Society of Painters, Sculptors and Engravers, London, and the Secession Society, Munich; and, besides receiving a number of medals, his decorations include the Legion of Honor, France; the order of the Red Eagle, Germany; and knight of the Order of St Michael, Bavaria. In 1889, he and John Singer Sargent became the first American painters to win a Grand Prize at the Paris Universal Exposition. His paintings from the World Columbian Exposition (1893) held in Chicago are now in the Library at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

In 1909 he was appointed Professor of Art at the Grand Ducal Saxony School of Art in Weimar, Germany. In 1915 he returned to New York City to open a studio at the Beaux-Arts building at Bryant Park. From 1920 to 1928 he served as the president of the New Society of Artists. He spent his final years at Belmont Estate in Falmouth, Virginia, near Fredericksburg.

Besides portraits, his chief works are: The Supper at Emmaus, in the Krupp collection at Essen; The Family, National Gallery, Berlin; Mother and Child, Luxembourg; and the decoration, at the Congressional Library, Washington, Peace and War.

He died on November 30, 1932 in Virginia.



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