Radio or television show designed to test the knowledge, luck, or skill of contestants or experts. Among the shows popular on U.S. radio were Dr. I.Q. (1939–49), Information, Please (1938–48), and The Quiz Kids (1940–53). The genre was adopted by television and cash awards were increased, so that radio's $64 Question became television's $64,000 Question. In the mid-1950s, to increase their shows' popularity, some producers began feeding answers to contestants who had been chosen to win. An accusation of unfair practices on Twenty-one (1958) led to a government investigation and the quick demise of the big-money shows. The game show later regained popularity when it was revived in formats with lower stakes and easier questions, as on Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune. At the turn of the 21st century, game shows such as Who Wants to Be a Millionaire boasted large cash prizes and gained popularity in prime time, and reality shows like Survivor adopted aspects of the game show genre.
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They are often derived of its formats from game shows that are produced in the United States, having most of them been run on Canadian networks such as CTV, Global and Citytv. One of the only actual English prime time game shows to air on Canadian television is Deal or No Deal Canada.
Although American game and quiz shows are popular in Canada, Canadian residents are not eligible to be contestants on some of them, Jeopardy! and The Price Is Right being two notable exceptions. Unlike in the United States, game show winnings in Canada are not subject to income tax (actually, most countries aside from The US are not subject to income tax).
There are very few Canadian adaptaions of American, British, and Dutch-originated quiz shows in the English language. Most, like versions of The Price Is Right, Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!, and Family Feud, are in French. Some English-language versions of these shows include Deal or No Deal, Supermarket Sweep, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? , Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader?, and Cash Cab. There is also a French-language version of Deal or No Deal (and soon a version of Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader?). Most of the game shows that air in Canada and that are in English are the US game shows.