This is an emerging field in food science in which such foods are usually accompanied by health claims for marketing purposes, for example, a certain "cereal is a significant source of fiber. Studies have shown that an increased amount of fiber in one's diet can decrease the risk of certain types of cancer in individuals."
The general category includes processed food or foods fortified with health-promoting additives, like "vitamin-enriched" products. Fermented foods with live cultures are considered as functional foods with probiotic benefits.
The term was first used in Japan in the 1980s where there is a government approval process for functional foods called Foods for Specified Health Use (FOSHU). Some countries, such as Canada and Sweden, have specific laws concerning the labeling of such products.
Focus on functional food and beverages: an update on one of the most successful, nutritional ingredient-enhanced product categories of the last decade is provided.(new product trends)
Sep 01, 2011; [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] As the recession took hold in 2008-2010, the retail food and drink industry's growth trajectory slowed...
Functional food patents: beware potential pitfalls: companies seeking patents for functional foods must consider the wording of future product labels.(Comment)
Aug 08, 2011; The starting point for developing a 'functional food' is often the discovery that a particular component of a naturally occurring...