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Fumage

Fumage

[fyoo-mij]

Fumage is a surrealist technique invented by Wolfgang Paalen in which impressions are made by the smoke of a candle or kerosene lamp on a piece of paper or canvas.

It was later employed by Salvador Dalí, who called it "sfumato."

Both Paalen and Dali used the technique as a basis for their oil paintings. Paalen's elongated surreal landscapes and Dali's elongated, wavy treatment of animals and objects reveal the influence of the technique on their imagery.

A living artist who is using fumage is Turkish-American Burhan Dogancay.

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