Definitions

fruit bat

fruit bat

fruit bat, fruit-eating bat found in tropical regions of the Old World. It is relatively large and differs from other bats in the possession of an independent, clawed second digit; it also depends on sight rather than echo-location in maintaining orientation. The Pteropodidae, or flying foxes, are S Asian fruit bats whose short jaws and powerful teeth are specially adapted for piercing the rinds of tough fruit. They include the largest of all bats, the kalang (Pteropus vampyrus), which has a wingspan greater than 5 ft (1.5 m). The Macroglossidae, or long-tongued fruit bats, are widespread throughout S Asia, Africa, New Guinea, and Australia. Specialized for a diet of pollen and nectar, their snouts and tongues are greatly elongated. All fruit bats are highly mobile, traveling as much as 30 mi (48 km) in search of food. They nest in trees and all but a few species are completely nocturnal. Fruit bats are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Chiroptera.
the Bare-backed Fruit-bat (Dobsonia moluccense) is a fruit bat in the family Pteropodidae.

D. moluccense magna is distinctive as its wings join along the centre of its back rather than its sides giving this bat a ‘hairless’ back. This bat is also unique as it roosts in caves rather than in tree canopies. This species has a mean forearm length of 149 mm, and a mean weight of 374 grams it is one of 8 Pteropodidaes in Australia.

References

  • HERGE 2005, Bats, The Henipavirus Ecology Collaborative Research Group, accessed 7 September 2006 from

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