Fructuoso Rivera

Fructuoso Rivera

[ri-vair-uh; Sp. ree-ve-rah]
Rivera, Fructuoso, 1790?-1854, first president of Uruguay (1830-34, 1839-42). After serving with Artigas, he was one of the Thirty-three Immortals who raised the standard of independence under Juan Antonio Lavalleja. He was chosen president and was responsible for the succession of Manuel Oribe, against whom he revolted in 1836. In the long civil strife, which was to characterize much of Uruguay's subsequent history, two factions appeared, distinguished by their badges, the Colorados [reds] of Rivera and the Blancos [whites] of Oribe. Rivera succeeded (1838) in routing Oribe, who fled to Buenos Aires. The following year Rivera declared war on Juan Manuel de Rosas, ruler of the United Provinces of La Plata (Argentina). With the help of Rosas, Oribe besieged Montevideo from 1843 to 1851. Rivera, opposed by factions within his own party, was exiled from the invested city in 1847, taking refuge in Brazil. After the downfall of Rosas and the end of the siege, he was selected (1853) as one of the triumvirate to head the provisional government of Uruguay.
José Fructuoso Rivera (born ?1789 in Montevideo; died 1854) was an Uruguayan general and patriot who assisted in the efforts to force Brazilians out of the Banda Oriental. He founded the Colorado political tradition and served as the first President of Uruguay from 6 November 1830 to 24 October 1834.

Rivera's brilliance as a military figure is widely recognized, though his two presidencies (1830-1834 and 1839-1843) were characterized by ineptness and neglect. He was responsible for the Salsipuedes Genocide in 1831.

Search another word or see fructuoso riveraon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;