Frol Romanovich Kozlov

Frol Romanovich Kozlov

[koz-lawf, -lof; Russ. kuh-zlawf]
Kozlov, Frol Romanovich, 1908-65, Soviet Communist leader. Early in his career he joined the Communist party and rose in the party organization. Kozlov reached prominence as a close ally of Khrushchev and became (1957) a full member of the presidium. In 1960 he was made secretary of the party central committee. He suffered a stroke in 1963 and resigned his posts in Nov., 1964, after Khrushchev's removal.

Frol Romanovich Kozlov (Фрол Романович Козлов) (18 August, 1908 - January 30, 1965) was a Soviet statesman, Hero of Socialist Labor (1961).

He was elected a candidate member of the Presidium (as the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was then called) on 14 February 1957 and served as a full member from 29 June 1957 until he was relieved of his duties on 16 November 1964, following the ousting of his mentor, Nikita Khrushchev a month earlier.

In July 1959, he visited the secretive Bohemian Grove encampment in northern California.

As the Time cover illustrated shows, he was for many years thought to be Khrushchev's likely successor as the dominant figure in the Soviet hierarchy of power. This was clearly what Khrushchev had intended, but even before his mentor's removal from office in October 1964 Kozlov's position in the Soviet hierarchy had been undermined by the effects of his alcoholism; in 1963 he had ceased to be Secretary of the Party. At the time of his resignation in November 1964, Kozlov was already seriously ill after a stroke and died two months later. He was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, which indicates that he was not in deep disgrace under Brezhnev (later, neither Khrushchev nor Mikoyan were allowed to be buried there).

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