See biography by R. Engelman (2009).
Mutual aid organization formed voluntarily by individuals to protect members against debts incurred through illness, death, or old age. Friendly societies arose in 17th- and 18th-century Europe and England and became most numerous in the 19th century. They trace their roots to the burial societies of Greek and Roman artisans and the guilds of medieval Europe. In attempting to define the magnitude of the risk against which they guarded and to determine how much members should contribute to meet that risk, friendly societies used what is now the basic principle of insurance.
Learn more about friendly society with a free trial on Britannica.com.
Learn more about Tonga with a free trial on Britannica.com.
There were 3,506 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.6% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.5% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.12 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $80,214, and the median income for a family was $82,827. Males had a median income of $43,281 versus $42,086 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $28,545. About 0.2% of families and 0.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.2% of those under age 18 and 0.5% of those age 65 or over.
FAMILY-FRIENDLY PROGRAMS, ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT, AND WORK WITHDRAWAL: THE MODERATING ROLE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP
Jul 01, 2007; Using data from China, Kenya, and Thailand, we investigated the moderating effect of transformational leadership in the...