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fresh waters

List of fresh water fishes of Maharashtra

List of fresh water fishes of Maharashtra

Fresh water fish resource of Maharashtra constitutes 6 orders 25 families and 160 species. There are many species like Oriochromis, Grass carp, common carp, silver carp, etc. that have been introduced in the inland water of Maharashtra. The entire region comes under 4 basins viz. Narmada, Tapti, Godavari and Krishna. The following list is arranged taxonomically; the distribution given by many sources given in the reference section.

Order 1: Osteoglossiformes

FAMILY 1: NOTOPTERIDAE

1) Notopterus notopterus

2) Notopterus chitala

Order 2: Anguilliformes

FAMILY 2: ANGUILLIDAE (FRESHWATER EELS)

3 Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis

Order 3: Cypriniformes (Carps and minnows)

FAMILY 3: CYPRINIDAE

SUB - FAMILY: CYPRININAE (Barbs)

4 Catla catla

5 Cirrhinus cirrhosus

6. Cirrhinus fulungee

7. Cirrhinus macrops

8. Cirrhinus mrigala mrigala

9. Cirrhinus reba

10. Ctenopharyngodon idellus

11. Cyprinus carpio

12. Gonoproktopterus kolus

13. Gonoproktopterus lithopidos

14. Gonoproktopterus thomassi

15. Labeo ariza

16. Labeo bata

17. Labeo boga

18. Labeo boggut

19. Labeo calbasu

20. Labeo fimbriatus

21. Labeo gonius

22. Labeo kawrus

23. Labeo pangusia

24. Labeo porcellus

25. Labeo potail

26. Labeo rohita

27. Labeo sindensis

28. Neolissochilus wynaadensis

29. Oreichthys cosuatis

30. Osteobrama cotio cunma

31. Osteobrama cotio peninsularis

32. Osteobrama dayi

33. Osteobrama neilli

34. Osteobrama vigorsii

35. Osteochilus (Osteochilichthys) godavariensis

36. Osteochilus (Osteochilichthys) nashii

37. Osteochilus (Osteochilichthys) thomassi

38. Puntius amphibius

39. Puntius chola

40. Puntius carnaticus

41. Puntius deccanensis

42. Puntius dorsalis

43. Puntius fraseri

44. Puntius jerdoni

45. Puntius sahyadriensis

46. Puntius sarana sarana

47. Puntius sarana subnasutus

48. Puntius sophore

49. Puntius ticto

50. Rohtee ogilbii

51. Schismatorhynchos (Nukta) nukta

52. Thynnichthys sandkhol

53. Tor khudree

54. Tor mussulah

55. Tor tor

SUB-FAMILY: CULTRINAE

56. Chela cachius

57. Chela laubuca

58. Salmostoma acinaces

59. Salmostoma balookee

60. Salmostoma boopis

61. Salmostoma clupeoides

62. Salmostoma horai

63. Salmostoma kardahiensis

64. Salmostoma novacula

65. Salmostoma phulo

Subfamily: LEUCISCINAE

66. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

SUBFAMILY: RASBORINAE

69. Barilius evezardi

70. Barilius gatensis

71. Parluciosoma daniconius

72. Parluciosoma labiosa

73. Danio aequipinnatus

74. Danio devario

75. Danio fraseri

76. Danio malabaricus

77. Danio rerio

78. Esomus barbatus

79. Esomus danricus

80. Esomus thermoicos

81. Amblypharyngodon mola

82. Aspidoparia morar

Subfamily: Garrinae

83. Crossocheilus latius latius

84. Garra bicornuta

85. Garra gotyla gotyla

86. Garra gotyla stenorhynchus

87. Garra mullya

88. Barbodes sarana

FAMILY 4: PARAPSILORHYNCHIDAE

89. Parapsilorhynchus tentaculatus

90. Parapsilorhynchus prateri

91. Parapsilorhynchus discophorus

FAMILY 5: BALITORIDAE (LOACHES)

SUBFAMILY: BALITORINAE (HILLSTREAM LOACHES)

92. Bhavania australis (Jerdon)

SUB FAMILY: NEMACHEILINAE

93. Nemacheilus moreh

94. Nemacheilus denisoni denisoni

95. Nemacheilus evezardi

96. Nemacheilus anguilla

97. Nemacheilus rueppelli

98. Nemacheilus savona

99. Nemacheilus striatus

100. Acanthocobitis rubidipinnis

101. Balitora mysorensis

102. Indoreonectes evezardi

103. Longischistura striata

FAMILY 6: COBITIDAE (LOACHES)

SUBFAMILY: COBITINAE

104. Lepidocephalus thermalis

105. Lepidocephalus guntea

SUBFAMILY: BOTIINAE

106. Botia striata

Order 4 – Siluriformes (Catfishes)

FAMILY 7: SILURIDAE

107. Ompok bimaculatus

108. Ompok pabo

109. Wallago attu

110. Ompok pabda

FAMILY 8 – BAGRIDAE (BAGRID CATFISHES)

111. Mystus bleekeri

112. Mystus cavasius

113. Mystus gulio

114. Mystus krishnensis

115. Mystus malabaricus

116. Mystus menoda

117. Mystus montanus

118. Mystus vittatus

119. Rita kuturnee

120. Rita pavimentata

121. Rita rita

122. Rita gogra

123. Aorichthys seenghala

124. Sperata aor

FAMILY 9: SCHILBEIDAE

SUBFAMILY: SCHILBEINAE

125. Proeutropiichthys taakree taakree

126. Silonia childreni

127. Eutropiichthys goongwaree

128. Eutropiichthys vacha

129. Neotropius khavalchor

FAMILY 10: AMBLYCIPITIDAE

130. Amblyceps mangois

FAMILY 11 – SISORIDAE

131. Bagarius bagarius

132. Bagarius yarrelli

133. Glyptothorax conirostre poonensis

134. Glyptothorax lonah

135. Glyptothorax madraspatanum

136. Glyptothorax trewavasae

137. Nangra itchkeea

FAMILY 12 – CLARIIDAE

138. Clarias batrachus

FAMILY 13: HETEROPNEUSTIDAE

139. Heteropneustes fossilis

Order 5: Cyprinodontiformes

FAMILY 14: POECILIIDAE (LIVEBEARERS)

140. Gambusia affinis

141. Poecilia (Labistes) reticulata

FAMILY 15: APLOCHEILIDAE

142. Aplocheilus lineatus

143. Aplocheilus panchax

FAMILY 16: BELONIDAE (GARFISHES)

144. Xenentodon cancila

Order 6 - Perciformes

FAMILY 17 – AMBASSIDAE (GLASS FISHES)

145. Chanda nama

146. Pseudambassius ranga

FAMILY 18– NANDIDAE

SUB FAMILY - NANDINAE

147. Nandus nandus

FAMILY 19 – CICHLIDAE

148. Oreochromis mossambica

149. Etroplus maculatus

FAMILY 20: MUGILIDAE

150. Rhinomugil corsula

FAMILY 21– MASTACEMBELIDAE (SPINY EELS)

151. Macrognathus aral

152. Macrognathus pancalus

153. Mastacembelus armatus

FAMILY 22 – GOBIIDAE (GOBIES)

SUB FAMILY- GOBIINAE

154. Glossogobius giuris

FAMILY 23 ANABANTIDAE

155. Anabas testudineus

FAMILY 24: BELONTIIDAE (GOURAMIES)

SUBFAMILY: MACROPODINAE

156. Macropodus cupanus

FAMILY 25 – CHANNIDAE (SNAKEHEADS, MURRELS)

157. Channa marulius

158. Channa orientalis

159. Channa punctatus

160. Channa striatus

See Also

References

Sakhare,V.B.2006.Ecology of Lakes and Reservoirs,Daya Publishing House.Delhi

Sakhare,V.B.2007.Reservoir Fisheries and Limnology, Narenra Publsihng House,Delhi

Sakhare,V.B.2007.Applied Fisheries,Daya Publishing House,Delhi

Heda N. (2007):Some Studies on Ecology and Diversity of Fresh Water Fishes in the Two Rivers of Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra (India). A Thesis submitted to Sant Gadgebaba Amravati University, Maharashtra (India).

Talwar P.K. and A.G. Jhingran. 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries (Vol. I & II). Oxford & IBH Pub. New Delhi. Pp 1097.

Jayaram K. C. 1981. The Freshwater Fishes of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka - A Handbook. The Director, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp xxii + 475.

Jayaram K. C. 2002. Fundamentals of Fish taxonomy. Narendra publishing house, New Delhi. Pp 174.

Jayaram K.C. 1999. The fresh water fishes of the Indian region. Narendra Publishing House, New Delhi. Pp 551.

Day F. 1878. The fishes of India: being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. Text and Atlas in 4 Parts. London, pp xx + 778+195.

Daniels R. 2002. Fresh water fishes of Peninsular India. University press. Pp 282.

Datta M.J.S. and M.P. Shrivastva. 1988. Natural history of fishes and systematics of Fresh water Fishes of India. Narendra Publishing house, Delhi. Pp 403.

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