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free imperial cities

List of Free Imperial Cities

This is a list of Free Imperial Cities of the Holy Roman Empire as of 1792:

Other cities which were once Free Imperial cities, but had ceased to be so by 1792, include:

  1. Baden (formally only?)
  2. Basel (became a Swiss Canton, 1501, independence from the Empire recognized 1648)
  3. Berne (became a Swiss Canton, 1351, independence recognized 1648)
  4. Besançon (annexed by Spain, 1648)
  5. Brakel (annexed by the bishop of Paderborn)
  6. Bremgarten (formally only?)
  7. Cambrai (to France, 1677)
  8. Diessenhofen
  9. Donauwörth (to Bavaria, 1617)
  10. Duisburg (to Cleves, 1290)
  11. Düren (to Jülich)
  12. Frauenfeld
  13. Fribourg (became a Swiss Canton)
  14. Gelnhausen (to Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), 1745)
  15. Hagenau (annexed by France, 1670s)
  16. Herford (to Brandenburg)
  17. Kolmar (annexed by France, 1673, confirmed 1697)
  18. Kaysersberg (annexed by France, 1648)
  19. Konstanz (annexed by Austria, 1548)
  20. Landau (annexed by France, 1648)
  21. Lemgo (to Lippe)
  22. Lucerne (became a Swiss Canton, independence recognized 1648)
  23. Mainz (returned to the control of its archbishop, 1462)
  24. Metz (annexed by France, 1552)
  25. Munster (annexed by France, 1648)
  26. Murten (to Savoy, 1255)
  27. Obernai (annexed by France, 1648)
  28. Rapperswil
  29. Rheinfelden (to the Hapsburgs, 1330)
  30. Rosheim (annexed by France, 1648)
  31. Sarrebourg (annexed by France)
  32. Schaffhausen (became a Swiss Canton, 1501, independence recognized 1648)
  33. Schmalkalden (to Hesse, 1581)
  34. Schlettstadt (annexed by France, 1670s)
  35. Soest (to Duchy of Cleves/Brandenburg, 1609)
  36. Solothurn (became a Swiss Canton, 1481, independence recognized 1648)
  37. Strassburg (annexed by France, 1681, confirmed 1697)
  38. Toul (annexed by France, 1552)
  39. Turckheim (annexed by France, 1648)
  40. Verden (to Duchy of Verden, 1648)
  41. Verdun (annexed by France, 1552)
  42. Warburg (annexed by the bishop of Paderborn)
  43. Winterthur
  44. Wissembourg (annexed by France, 1648)
  45. Zug (became a Swiss Canton, independence recognized 1648)
  46. Zürich (became a Swiss Canton, 1351, independence recognized 1648)

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