fotos de alimentos

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ) is the largest federal university of Brazil, where state-owned universities are the best and most qualified institutions. It is seated in the city of Rio de Janeiro, with three campuses (Fundão island, Praia Vermelha and the humanities core at IFCS downtown) and two more independent buildings in downtown Rio.

It was founded in 1920, originally as "University of Brazil" (Universidade do Brasil), by gathering a number of previously autonomous institutions of high education in the city. By then, Rio was capital of Brazil and it was part of the government strategy to have qualified professionals in the country's new economy. Some of the colleges and schools which form UFRJ date back to Portugal and Brazil united kingdom and Brazilian imperial times (19th century), such as the [Escola Politécnica] (Polytechnical School - founded in 1792), Faculdade Nacional de Direito (National Law School - founded in 1882 and refounded in 1891), Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and the Faculdade de Medicina (Medicine School).

Universidade do Brasil was created on September 7, 1920, by President Epitácio Pessoa, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the former capital district of Brazil. Initially it was named Universidade do Rio de Janeiro, then it was renamed Universidade do Brasil, on July 5, 1937. On December 17, 1945, the University achieved the status of full autonomy under the Brazilian Ministry of Education. In 1965 it was renamed to Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, according to the federal university system devised by the military government of Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco. At year 2000, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro requested to the Brazilian justice the possibility of call again the university as Universidade do Brasil, because the second name was imposed by the military authority of Brazilian government at the time. The request was accepted and today is possible to call with both forms the university.

On the occasion of its foundation in 1920, the University was formed by joining three independent higher learning schools:

  • Faculdade de Medicina (Faculty of Medicine, the former Academia de Medicina e Cirurgia, which was created in 1808 by a decree of King D. João VI)
  • Escola Politécnica (Polytechnic School)
  • Faculdade Nacional de Direito (National Faculty of Law)

To these, other units were gradually created an incorporated, such as the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and the Faculdade Nacional de Filosofia (National Faculty of Philosophy).

A beautiful set of buildings of neoclassical design - originally constructed to be a sanatorium - was then set to lodge the new University, located at Avenida Pasteur, in the Urca district of the city, near the Praia Vermelha (Red Beach).


The University is divided in "Centers" and in independent units:

Graduation Courses

Portuguese Name English name Specialization
Administração Administration (business)
Arquitetura e Urbanismo Urbanism)
Artes Cênicas Performing Arts
Astronomia Astronomy
Biblioteconomia e Gestão de Unidades de Informação (CBG) Library Science
Ciências Atuariais
Ciências Biológicas Biological Sciences Biophysics, Medical Biology, Microbiology and Immunology
Ciências Contábeis Accountancy
Ciência da Computação Computer Science
Ciências Econômicas Economics
Ciências Sociais Social Sciences
Composição de Interior Interior Design
Composição Paisagística Landscape Design
Dança Dance
Desenho Industrial Industrial Design
Direção Teatral
Direito Law School
Educação Física Physical Education
Enfermagem e Obstetrícia Nursery
Engenharia Ambiental Environmental Engineering
Engenharia Civil Civil Engineering
Engenharia de Alimentos
Engenharia de Bioprocessos
Engenharia de Computação e Informação Computer Engineering
Engenharia de Controle e Automação
Engenharia de Materiais
Engenharia de Petróleo
Engenharia de Produção Industrial Engineering
Engenharia Elétrica Electrical Engineering
Engenharia Eletrônica e de Computação
Engenharia Mecânica Mechanical Engineering
Engenharia Metalúrgica
Engenharia Naval e Oceânica
Engenharia Química Chemical Engineering
Estatística Statistics
Escultura Sculpture
Farmácia Pharmacy
Filosofia Philosophy
Física Physics
Fisioterapia Physiotherapy
Fonoaudiologia Phonoaudiology
Geografia Geography
Geologia Geology
História History
Letras Arabic Language/Arabic Literature, English Language/English Literature, French Language/French Literature, German Language/German Literature, Greek Language/Greek Literature, Hebrew Language/Hebrew Literature, Italian Language/Italian Literature, Latin Language/Latin Literature, Portuguese Language Literature, Japanese Language/Japanese Literature, Russian Language/Russian Literature, Spanish Language/Spanish Literature
Licenc. em Ciências Biológicas - Macaé
Licenc. em Educação Artística: Artes Plásticas e Desenho
Licenciatura em Química - Macaé
Matemática Math
Matemática Aplicada Applied Math
Medicina Medical School
Meteorologia Meteorology
Microbiologia e Imunologia
Música Music
Nutrição Nutrition
Odontologia Dentistry
Pedagogia Pedagogy
Psicologia Psychology
Química Chemistry
Química Industrial Industrial Chemistry
Relações Internacionais (2009) International Relations
Serviço Social Social Service


Notable alumni

  1. Artur Barrio, artist who attended Escola de Belas Artes (School of Fine Arts)]
  2. Carlos Brito - CEO of brewer InBev
  3. Ivan Lins, a Brazilian musician
  4. Marco Pereira, a Brazilian classical guitarist
  5. Henrique Meirelles, current president of the Banco Central do Brasil (Brazil's Central Bank)
  6. Carlos Minc, Current Environmental Minister of the federal government


See also

External links

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