Increasingly, military signals intelligence has become more visible and comprises more and more of the fort's duties.
Fort Gordon and the Signal Center is commanded by Brig. Gen. Jeffrey Foley. On July 17, 2007, Brig. Gen. Randolph Strong handed over command as he assumed a new position as Director of Architecture, Operations, Networks, and Space, in the Department of the Army’s Office of the Chief Information Officer and G6. Brig. Gen. Foley last served as Director of Architecture, Operations, Networks, and Space, in the Department of the Army’s Office of the Chief Information Officer and G6.
The base was home to three divisions during the war: the 4th Infantry, the 26th Infantry, and the 10th Armored. From October 1943 to January 1945 Camp Gordon served as an internment camp for foreign prisoners of war. From May 1945 until April 1946 the U.S. Army Personnel and Separation Center processed nearly 86,000 personnel for discharge from the army.
During the 1950s through the 1970s Fort Gordon served as a basic-training facility. It also provided advanced individual training for troops. Since June 1985 Fort Gordon has housed the U.S. Signal Corps, the branch of the U.S. Army responsible for providing and maintaining information systems and communication networks. The Signal Corps training center's primary purpose is to conduct specialized instruction for all Signal Corps military and civilian personnel.
The post also hosts a joint-service command, the Gordon Regional Security Operations Center, or GRSOC. It is now known as NSA/CSS Georgia and is a SIGINT collection center for a geographic area including the Middle East. The Army's 116th MI Group works there, as do other military intelligence units from the Air Force, Navy, the Marine Corps as well as civilians from the National Security Agency (NSA).
Considered a mission partner on Fort Gordon is the Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center (DDEAMC), home of the Southeast Regional Medical Command (SERMC) as well as a dental laboratory. The facility treats active duty military and their families, as well as many of the military retiree community in the Central Savannah River Area. Under SERMC, the hospital is responsible for military hospital care from Kentucky to Puerto Rico.
Fort Gordon has approximately 30,000 military and civilian employees and currently has an estimated $1.1 billion economic impact on the Augusta-Richmond County economy.
In 1966-68 approximately 2,200 Signal Officers were trained at Fort Gordon's Signal Officer Candidate School (OCS), before all US Army branch OCSs were merged with the Infantry OCS at Fort Benning, Georgia.
During the Vietnam War, Ft. Gordon was also a training location for Military Police in the Brems Barracks region of the fort, which was also later used in the 1980s for training radioteletype operators.