Forester

Forester

[fawr-uh-ster, for-]
Forester, C. S. (Cecil Scott Forester), 1899-1966, British novelist, b. Cairo, Egypt, educated in England. A prolific and popular author, C. S. Forester is best known for his novels of the royal navy in the days of sail, especially the series about Capt. Horatio Hornblower, naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars. Among his other well-known works are Payment Deferred (1926), The African Queen (1935), and The Good Shepherd (1955).

See his Hornblower Companion (1964).

(born Aug. 27, 1899, Cairo, Egypt—died April 2, 1966, Fullerton, Calif., U.S.) British novelist and journalist. Forester abandoned medicine for writing and achieved success with his first novel, Payment Deferred (1926). He is best known as the creator of the naval officer Horatio Hornblower, whose rise from midshipman to admiral and peer during the Napoleonic Wars is told in 12 novels published 1937–67. Many of his novels were adapted into movies, including The African Queen (1935; film, 1951).

Learn more about Forester, C(ecil) S(cott) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Aug. 27, 1899, Cairo, Egypt—died April 2, 1966, Fullerton, Calif., U.S.) British novelist and journalist. Forester abandoned medicine for writing and achieved success with his first novel, Payment Deferred (1926). He is best known as the creator of the naval officer Horatio Hornblower, whose rise from midshipman to admiral and peer during the Napoleonic Wars is told in 12 novels published 1937–67. Many of his novels were adapted into movies, including The African Queen (1935; film, 1951).

Learn more about Forester, C(ecil) S(cott) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

A forester is a person who practices forestry, the science and profession of managing forests. Foresters engage in a broad range of activities including timber harvesting, ecological restoration and management of protected areas. What these fields have in common is they manage terrestrial natural resource for the benefit of humans. Foresters manage forests to provide a variety of benefits for humans including direct extraction of raw material, recreation, conservation, hunting and, aesthetics, as well as the less tangible benefits such as clean air and improved water, and others.

A forester is also a title used widely during Medieval times. The Forester usually held a position equal to a sheriff or local law enforcer. He was responsible for patrolling the woodlands on a lord or noble's property. His duties included negotiating deals for the sale of lumber and timber and to stop poachers from illegally killing animals in the forest. Many times wanted criminals would flee their arrest warrants and seek the safety of hiding in a forest. When this would occur it was the duty of the Forester to organize roving gangs of armed men to flush out the criminal and capture him. Often Foresters held titles of prominence in their local communities and also acted as barristers and arbitrators. Their pay was usually above average and they could stand to make a decent and profitable living.

Many people confuse the role of the forester with that of the logger or the lumberjack, but most foresters are concerned not only with the harvest of timber, but also with the wise management of forests to (in the words of Gifford Pinchot) "provide the greatest good for the greatest number in the long term". Another notable forester, Jack Westoby, remarked that "forestry is concerned not with trees, but with how trees can serve people".

Career

USA

The average salary of foresters in the United States in 2002, was $46,000. Beginning foresters with bachelor's degrees make considerably less. Those with master's degrees are able to command salaries closer to the average.

Usually a bachelor's degree is considered the minimum education required, but some individuals are able to secure a job without a college education based on their years of experience. Some states have a licensing requirement for foresters and most of those require at least a 4 year degree from a college.

United Kingdom

Salaries for newly qualified foresters start in the region of £24,000 (2007). Education to Bachelor's degree standard is normally required.

Notable foresters

External links

Notable forestry institutions

See also

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