Tlalpujahua is a municipality located in the Mexican state of Michoacán (formally “Michoacán de Ocampo”). The name Tlalpujahua has its origins in the nahuatl words tlalli, which means "land" and Poxohuac, which means "sponge". The name of Tlalpujahua means "spongy land". Another name for this city is Xijumú Otomí. The people refers to its inhabitants as “The people that refused to die.”
In 1522, Gaspar de Avila decided that Tlalpujahua would become part of Tarimeo. Don Vasco de Quiroga decided it had to be part of Michoacán. In 1560, golden and silver mines were discovered. They were named Tlapujahua's Royal Mines. In 1575, Don Antonio de Morales governed Tlalpujahua. In 1593, Gaspar de Solís, mayor of Tlalpujahua, carried out the first reunion with natives and outlined the construction of houses in the new town. On July 4, 1603, the first industrial guild was constituted. It had 14 sugar production facilities. In 1765, Tlalpujahua, included the villages of San Miguel Tlacotepec, San Juan Tlalpujahuilla, Santa Maria, Our Lady of the Remedies and San Pedro Tarimangacho.
At the beginning of the 18th century, a fire destroyed part of Tlalpujahua and important buildings and documents were reduced to ashes. In 1820, Tlalpujahua and many of its mines were destroyed by the mexican war of independence. In 1822, the first town hall was constituted. On December 10, 1831, Tlalpujahua was recognized as municipality.
On May 21, 1859, the city received the title of "Mineral of Rayon", in memory of the Lopez Rayón brothers. In 1937, a flood destroyed the "Two Stars" mines and the principal neighborhoods of the village. As a consequence, the economy deteriorated and people emigrated towards other cities or states.
Tomás R. Del Moral.- Engineer, was The Director of the Commission of Statistics and Geography of the State of Mexico (1791-1847)
Cenobio Paniagua.- Musician and composer of michoacana music and the first writer of operas in Mexico (1821-1892)
José María López Rayón.- Insurgent (1767 - )
Francisco López Rayón.- Insurgent (1782-1815)
Rafael López Rayón.- Insurgent (- 1823
Ramón López Rayón.- Insurgent (1775-1839)
Elvira Vargas.- Writer and Journalist
Luis Eduardo Jurado.- Painter
1576. The mayor of the mines, Gaspar Solís, for orders of the Viceroy, carried out the first indigenous congregation and the first outline of the new city.
1600. There begins the construction of some chapels as "Our Lady of Carmen " and "The St Lawrence". The temple and convent of San Francisco is founded.
1603. On July 4, it was constituted, the congregation of the royal one of Tlalpujahua's mines.
1603. On July 4 it was constituted, the congregation of the royal one of Tlalpujahua's mines.
1733. The mining summit demonstrates with the mines of Holy Ana and the Wreath.
1735. The mining deputation is constituted.
1750. There begins the construction of the new parochial church.
1769. It enters decadence the mining exploitation.
1810. On October 24, Ignacio Lopez Rayón, threw an important manifest in favor of the independence.
1812. They are established in the hill of the Rooster, the brothers Rayón, doing of him a strength for the manufacture of guns, smelting of cannons, increase of troops, and a press is established also.
1813. On April 30, the realistic troops take Tlalpujahua and some days later, force the Insurgents to leave the hill of the Rooster.
1814. In December there is shot the vicarious one of the parish of Tlalpujahua, father Juan Antonio Romero, who Insurgent had joined to the movement.
1815. Francisco Rayón recovers the village of Tlalpujahua.
1820. As a result of the War of Independence the mining activity is left.
1822. The first town hall is constituted, but it is recognized until December 10, 1831.
1825. To authorities of Don Mariano Michelena, representative of the Mexican Government, the English men resume the exploitation of the mines in Tlalpujahua. Three years later would fail.
1859. There is granted it the title of Mineral of Rayon on May 21, in memory of the brothers Rayón.
1861. It was named A Head-board Distrital and was including: Angangueo, Contepec and Tlalpujahua.
1862. In the Reform, the conservatives occupy Tlalpujahua's seat, which is recovered later by the liberal general Rafael Cuellar.
1874. The michoacan legislation is busy with getting the necessary elements for Tlalpujahua's mining development.
1899. The mines Two Stars are exploited. It turns the summit and the mining prosperity.
1909. On April 3, Porfirio Díaz visits Tlalpujahua for knows the mines “Two Stars”.
1920. In this village the general Francisco J. Múgica lives there for some time.
1937. The tragedy happens where are destroyed the mines of Two Stars, because the flood of muds of them pull at the mine and making buried the Chapel of Our Lady of Carmen.
August 8. Celebration in honor to the Virgin of San Juan
November 13. Civic act in honor to the Brothers Lopez Rayón
“Tlacotepec” His principal activities are the agriculture and the exploitationof the quarry. It is located to 4 km from the municipal head-board and has 375 inhabitants
“Tlalpujahuilla” His principal activities are the agriculture and forestry. It is located to 2.5 km from the municipal head-board and has 775 inhabitants
“San Pedro Tarímbaro “ His principal activity is the agriculture. It is located to 13 km from the municipal head-board and has 290 inhabitants
“The Remedies” His principal activity is the agriculture. It is located to 31 km from the municipal head-board and gutter by 608 inhabitants
“Santa María of the Angels” His principal activities are the agriculture and the pottery. There are located 3 km from the municipal head-board and has 1198 inhabitants.
1950 - Moisés Bastida Gasca
1951 - Agustín Enríquez Santamaria.
1952 - Abad García
1951 - 1953 Simón García
1954 - 1956 Moisés Bastida Gasca
1957 - 1959 Luis Valenzuela Vega
1960 - 1962 Isaias Monroy Duarte
1963 - 1965 Otilio Carmona Esquivel
1966 - 1968 Ricardo García Bastida
1969 - 1971 Rodolfo Vargas Escamilla 1972 - 1974 Rogelio Mercado Martínez
1975 - 1977Joaquin Muñoz Orta
1978 - 1980 Filiberto Marin Jiménez
1981 - 1983 Gustavo Bernal Navarro
1984 - 1986 Otilio Carmona Esquivel 1987 - 1989 Rogelio Mercado Martínez
1990 - 1992 Moisés García Escutia
1993 - 1994 José Luis Muñoz Ruiz
1995 - Roberto Rangel Saavedra
1996 - 1998 Gabriel I. Rodríguez Hernández
1999 - 2001 Gabriel Colín Salazar
2002 - 2004 Manuel Colín
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