Foote, Andrew Hull, 1806-63, American naval officer, b. New Haven, Conn.; son of Samuel Augustus Foot. He became a midshipman in 1822. As executive officer of the Cumberland (1843-45), Foote made her the first temperance ship of the navy. He was largely responsible for ending the alcohol ration in the navy in 1862. From 1849 to 1851 he was active against the slave trade on the African coast and later wrote Africa and the American Problem (1854). In 1856, while commanding the Portsmouth at Guangzhou, China, he led a small naval force that captured the four barrier forts in reprisal for acts against the American flag. In the Civil War, Foote was given (1861) command of Union naval operations on the upper Mississippi River. His flotilla of gunboats cooperated brilliantly with the army in the victories at Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, and Island No. 10. He was promoted to rear admiral for his work, but wounds received at Fort Donelson forced him to retire from combat service.

See biography by J. M. Hoppin (1874).

Foote, Arthur William, 1853-1937, American organist, teacher, and composer, b. Salem, Mass.; pupil of J. K. Paine at Harvard. He was organist (1878-1910) at the First Unitarian Church in Boston, where he taught for many years. Among his compositions, romantic and lyrical, are orchestral works, songs, and choral and chamber music. His Suite for Strings in E Major is his best-remembered work.
Foote, Henry Stuart, 1804-80, U.S. senator (1847-52) and governor of Mississippi (1852-54), b. Fauquier co., Va. An able criminal lawyer, he practiced in several different states. In the U.S. Senate, Foote's aversion to states' rights doctrines emphasized his antagonism to his Mississippi colleague, Jefferson Davis, with whom he traded blows (Foote also fought several duels in his day). He defeated Davis for the governorship in 1851, the last Union Whig victory in antebellum Mississippi. Rejected for the Senate, he resigned the governorship just before the end of his term and moved to California, where he was narrowly defeated (1856) for the Senate. Foote moved eastward again in 1858, and he settled in Tennessee. In the Confederate congress his consistent opposition both to Davis and to the continuation of the Civil War caused him to participate in peace schemes. His War of the Rebellion (1866) tells his story. After the war Foote supported the national Republican administrations, and in 1878 he was appointed superintendent of the U.S. mint at New Orleans. His Casket of Reminiscences (1874) and The Bench and Bar of the South and Southwest (1876) contain contemporary and personal history of the time.
Foote, Samuel Augustus: see Foot, Samuel Augustus.
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