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flavio e. alfaro

List of heads of state of Ecuador

List of Heads of State of Ecuador

(Dates in italics indicate 'de facto' continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Notes
13 May 1830 to 14 August 1830 Juan José Flores, Head of Administration
14 August 1830 to 22 September 1830 Juan José Flores, Chief of State
22 September 1830 to 10 September 1834 Juan José Flores, President 1st Term
10 September 1834 to 31 January 1839 Vicente Rocafuerte, Supreme Chief of the Department of the Guayas
31 January 1839 to 18 January 1843 Juan José Flores 2nd Term
18 January 1843 to 1 April 1843 Juan José Flores, interim President
1 April 1843 to 18 June 1845 Juan José Flores 3rd Term
18 June 1845 to 8 December 1845 José Joaquín de Olmedo, President of the Provisional Government
8 December 1845 to 15 October 1849 Vicente Ramón Roca, President
15 October 1849 to 10 June 1850 Manuel de Ascásubi, acting President 1st Term
10 June 1850 to 8 December 1850 Diego Noboa y Arteta, interim President
8 December 1850 to 26 February 1851 Diego Noboa y Arteta
17 July 1851 to 17 July 1852 José María Urbina, Supreme Chief
17 July 1852 to 6 September 1852 José María Urbina, interim President
6 September 1852 to 16 October 1856 José María Urbina, President
16 October 1856 to 17 September 1859 Francisco Robles, President
17 September 1859 to 17 January 1861 Gabriel García Moreno, President
17 January 1861 to 2 April 1865 Gabriel García Moreno, interim President
2 April 1865 to 31 August 1865 Gabriel García Moreno 1st Term
31 August 1859 to 7 September 1865 Rafael Carvajal, acting President
7 September 1865 to 6 November 1867 Jerónimo Carrión, President
6 November 1867 to 20 January 1868 Pedro José de Arteta, acting President
20 January 1868 to 19 January 1869 Juan Javier Espinosa, President
19 January 1869 to 16 May 1869 Gabriel García Moreno, interim President 2nd Term
16 May 1869 to 10 August 1869 Manuel de Ascásubi, acting President 2nd Term
10 August 1869 to 6 August 1875 Gabriel García Moreno, President 3rd Term
6 August 1875 to 6 October 1875 Francisco León Franco, acting President
6 October 1875 to 1875 José Javier Eguiguren, acting President
1875 to 9 December 1875 Rafael Pólit, President
9 December 1875 to 18 December 1876 Antonio Borrero, President
18 December 1876 to 26 January 1878 Ignacio de Veintemilla, Supreme Chief
26 January 1878 to ''26 March 1882 Ignacio de Veintemilla, interim President
26 March 1882 to 9 July 1883 Ignacio de Veintemilla, Supreme Chief
9 July 1883 to 11 October 1883 Provisional Government
José María Sarasti
Pedro Ignacio Lizarzaburu
Carlos Matheus y Pacheco de Saavedra
Rafael Pérez
Agustín Guerrero
11 October 1883 to 15 October 1883 Ramón Borrero y Cortázar, Vice President of the National Convention
15 October 1883 to 23 November 1883 Rafael Pérez, acting President
23 November 1883 to 10 February 1884 José Plácido Caamaño, interim President
10 February 1884 to 1 July 1888 José Plácido Caamaño, President
1 July 1888 to 17 August 1888 Pedro José Cevallos, President
17 August 1888 to 1 July 1892 Antonio Flores Jijón, President
1 July 1892 to 16 April 1895 Luis Cordero Crespo, President
16 April 1895 to 23 August 1895 Vicente Lucio Salazar, acting President
23 August 1895 to 16 April 1896 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, Supreme Chief 2nd Term
16 April 1896 to 13 January 1897 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, interim President 2nd Term
13 January 1897 to 1 September 1901 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, President 2nd Term
1 September 1901 to 1 September 1905 Leonidas Plaza 1st Term
1 September 1905 to 16 January 1906 Lizardo García
16 January 1906 to 9 October 1906 Eloy Alfaro Delgado 3rd Term
9 October 1906 to 1 January 1907 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, interim President
1 January 1907 to 12 August 1911 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, President
12 August 1911 to 1 September 1911 Carlos Freile Zaldumbide, acting President 1st Term
1 September 1911 to 22 December 1911 Emilio Estrada, President
22 December 1911 to 6 March 1912 Carlos Freile Zaldumbide, acting President 2nd Term
6 March 1912 to 10 August 1912 Francisco Andrade Marín, acting President
10 August 1912 to 1 September 1912 Alfredo Baquerizo, acting President 1st Term
1 September 1912 to 1 September 1916 Leonidas Plaza, President 2nd Term
1 September 1916 to 1 September 1920 Alfredo Baquerizo, President 2nd Term
1 September 1920 to 1 September 1924 José Luis Tamayo, President
1 September 1924 to 9 July 1925 Gonzalo Córdova, President
9 July 1925 to 10 July 1925 Luis Telmo Paz, Chairman of the Supreme Military Junta
10 July 1925 to 10 January 1926 Provisional Government Junta Chair rotating weekly
Luis Napoleón Dillon
Pedro Pablo Garaicoa
Moisés Oliva
Francisco Gómez de la Torre
José Rafael Bustamante Chiriboga
José Modesto Larrea
Carlos Matheus y García Moreno
Francisco Arízaga Luque
10 January 1926 to 10 March 1926 Humberto Albornoz, Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
10 March 1926 to 1 April 1926 Julio Enrique Moreno, Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta 1st Term
1 April 1926 to 10 October 1928 Isidro Ayora, provisional President
10 October 1928 to 17 April 1929 Isidro Ayora, interim President
17 April 1929 to 24 August 1931 Isidro Ayora, President
24 August 1931 to 15 October 1931 Luis Larrea Alba, acting President
15 October 1931 to 27 August 1932 Alfredo Baquerizo, acting President 3rd Term
27 August 1932 to 2 September 1932 Carlos Freile Larrea, acting President
2 September 1932 to 5 December 1932 Alberto Guerrero Martínez, acting President
5 December 1932 to 20 October 1933 Juan de Dios Martínez Mera, President
20 October 1933 to 1 September 1934 Abelardo Montalvo, acting President
1 September 1934 to 21 August 1935 José María Velasco Ibarra, President 1st Term
21 August 1935 to 26 September 1935 Antonio Pons, acting President
26 September 1935 Benigno Andrade Flores, chairman of the Military junta
26 September 1935 to 10 August 1937 Federico Páez Chiriboga, acting Head of State
10 August 1937 to 23 October 1937 Federico Páez Chiriboga, interim President
23 October 1937 to 10 August 1938 Gil Alberto Enríquez, Supreme Head of State
10 August 1938 to 2 December 1938 Manuel María Borrero, interim President
2 December 1938 to 17 November 1939 Aurelio Mosquera, President
17 November 1939 to 11 December 1939 Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río, acting President 1st Term
11 December 1939 to 10 August 1940 Andrés Córdova, acting President
10 August 1940 to 1 September 1940 Julio Enrique Moreno, acting President 2nd Term
1 September 1940 to 29 May 1944 Carlos Alberto Arroyo del Río, President 2nd Term
29 May 1944 to 31 May 1944 Julio Teodoro Salem rotating chairman of the Political Bureau of Alianza Democrática Ecuatoriana in charge of the executive power

Term Incumbent Affiliation Notes
31 May 1944 to 23 August 1947 José María Velasco Ibarra AD 2nd Term
23 August 1947 to 2 September 1947 Colonel Carlos Mancheno Cajas, interim/acting President Mil
2 September 1947 to 15 September 1947 Mariano Suárez (acting) PCE
15 September 1947 to 1 September 1948 Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, President
1 September 1948 to 1 September 1952 Galo Plaza Lasso, President MCDN
1 September 1952 to 1 September 1956 José María Velasco Ibarra, President   3rd Term
1 September 1956 to 1 September 1960 Camilo Ponce Enríquez, President MSC
1 September 1960 to 7 November 1961 José María Velasco Ibarra, President FNV 4th Term
7 November 1961 to 11 July 1963 Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy, President FNV
11 July 1963 to 29 March 1966 Ramón Castro Jijón, Junta Chairman Mil
29 March 1966 to 29 March 1966 General Telmo O. Vargas B., Head of State Mil
29 March 1966 to 16 November 1966 Clemente Yerovi Indaburu, interim President n-p
16 November 1966 to 1 September 1968 Otto Arosemena, interim President CID
1 September 1968 to 15 February 1972 José María Velasco Ibarra, President FNV 5th Term
15 February 1972 to 11 January 1976 General Guillermo Rodríguez Lara, President Mil
11 January 1976 to 10 August 1979 Supreme Council of Government (junta)
Admiral Alfredo Poveda, Junta Chairman Mil
General Luis Leoro Franco Mil
General Luis G. Durán Arcentales Mil
10 August 1979 to 24 May 1981 Jaime Roldós Aguilera, President CFP died in office
24 May 1981 to 10 August 1984 Osvaldo Hurtado, President DP-UDC
10 August 1984 to 10 August 1988 León Febres Cordero, President PSC
10 August 1988 to 10 August 1992 Rodrigo Borja Cevallos, President ID
10 August 1992 to 10 August 1996 Sixto Alfonso Durán-Ballén, President PUR
10 August 1996 to 6 February 1997 Abdalá Jaime Bucaram Ortiz, President PRE
6 February 1997 to 9 February 1997 Fabián Alarcón, interim President FRA
9 February 1997 to 11 February 1997 Rosalía Arteaga Serrano, acting President MIRA
11 February 1997 to 10 August 1998 Fabián Alarcón, interim President FRA
10 August 1998 to 21 January 2000 Jamil Mahuad, President DP-UDC
21 January 2000 to 21 January 2000 Government Junta of National Salvation
Colonel Lucio Edwin Gutiérrez Borbúa, Junta Chairman Mil
Carlos Antonio Vargas Guatatuca n-p
Carlos Solórzano Constantine n-p
21 January 2000 to 22 January 2000 Council of State (junta)
General Carlos Mendoza Poveda, President Mil
Carlos Antonio Vargas Guatatuca n-p
Carlos Solórzano Constantine n-p
22 January 2000 to 15 January 2003 Gustavo Noboa, President DP-UDC
15 January 2003 to 20 April 2005 Lucio Edwin Gutiérrez Borbúa, President PSP
20 April 2005 to 15 January 2007 Alfredo Palacio, President n-p
15 January 2007 to present Rafael Correa, President Alianza PAIS

Rival governments in rebellion

Tenure Incumbent Notes
20 October 1833 to July 1834 Vicente Rocafuerte, Supreme Chief of the Department of the Guayas In rebellion
13 July 1834 to 18 January 1835 José Félix Valdivieso, Supreme Chief In rebellion
6 March 1845 to 18 June 1845 José Joaquín de Olmedo, President of the Provisional Government In rebellion
March 1850 to 1850 Antonio de Elizalde, Supreme Chief In rebellion
20 February 1850 to 10 June 1850 Diego Noboa y Arteta, Supreme Chief In rebellion
13 July 1851 to 17 July 1851 José María Urbina, Supreme Chief In rebellion
4 June 1859 to 7 September 1859 Gabriel García Moreno, Supreme Chief In rebellion
6 June 1859 to 1859 Jerónimo Carrión, acting President In rebellion
1 May 1859 to 4 June 1859 Provisional Government:- In rebellion
1 May 1859 to 4 June 1859 José María Avilés Pareja, acting President
1 May 1859 to 4 June 1859 Pacífico Chiriboga
1 May 1859 to 25 May 1859 Manuel Gómez de la Torre
17 September 1859 to 24 September 1860 Guillermo Franco, Supreme Chief of Guayas and Azuay In rebellion
8 September 1876 to 18 December 1876 Ignacio de Veintemilla, Supreme Chief In rebellion
February 1883 to 11 October 1883 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, Supreme Chief of Manabí and Esmeraldas In rebellion; 1st Term
14 January 1883 to 9 July 1883 Provisional Government In rebellion
José María Sarasti
Pedro Ignacio Lizarzaburu
Rafael Pérez
Agustín Guerrero
Pablo Herrera
17 September 1883 to 11 October 1883 Pedro Carbo, Supreme Chief of Guayas In rebellion
19 June 1895 to 23 August 1895 Eloy Alfaro Delgado, Supreme Chief In rebellion
22 December 1911 to January 1912 Flavio E. Alfaro Santana In rebellion
30 December 1911 to January 1912 Pedro J. Montero Maridueña In rebellion

Sources

  • http://www.rulers.org/rule.html#ecuador
  • Heads of State and Government, 2nd Edn., John V da Graca, MacMillan Press Ltd, 2000

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