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Lodi, California

Lodi (LOW-dye) is a city located in As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 56,999. As of a 2005 estimate, the city had a population of 62,133.. The California Department of Finance's population estimate as of Jan. 1, 2008 is 63,362. Considered a part of metropolitan Stockton, in recent years it has become an increasingly popular exurb for commuters priced out of homeownership in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Lodi is best known as a center of wine production (the "Zinfandel Capital of the World), although its vintages have traditionally been less prestigious than those of Sonoma and Napa counties. However, in recent years, the Lodi Appellation has become increasingly respected for its Zinfandel wine and other eclectic varietals. Nearby Woodbridge is the home of a very well known winery, Woodbridge by Robert Mondavi Its originator, Robert Mondavi, grew up in Lodi. Mondavi The Robert Mondavi Winery is considered one of the most influential men in the wine industry. Many credit him for introducing California wines as some of the finest on the world's stage.

Lodi recently gained international attention when local residents Hamid and Umer Hayat were charged in the first terrorism trial in the state of California. Both were alleged to be part of, or associated with, a terrorist sleeper cell. Hamid Hayat was convicted on April 25, 2006 of providing material support to terrorism by attending a training camp in Pakistan in 2003 and 2004, while the case of his father, Umer Hayat, ended in a hung jury on two counts of lying to the FBI. Umer Hayat later pleaded guilty to a charge unrelated to terrorism. Their case has been controversial, with a former FBI agent stating,"What we're doing to these Muslims is the same thing we did to the Japanese in the 1940s. It's the same fear and the same overreaction." The case is pending appeal.

History

When a group of local families decided to establish a school in 1859, they settled on a site near present-day Cherokee Lane and Turner Road. In 1869, the Central Pacific Railroad was in the process of creating a new route, and pioneer settlers Ezekiel Lawrence, Reuben Wardrobe, A.C. Ayers and John Magley offered a townsite of to the railroad as an incentive to build a station there. The railroad received a "railroad reserve" of twelve acres in the middle of town, and surveyors began laying out streets in the area between Washington to Church and Locust to Walnut. Settlers flocked from nearby Woodbridge, Liberty City, and Galt, including town founders John M. Burt and Dan Crist.

Initially called Mokelumne and Mokelumne Station after the nearby river, confusion with other nearby towns prompted a name change, which was officially endorsed in Sacramento by an assembly bill. Several stories have been offered as to the origins of the town's new name. One refers to a locally stabled trotting horse that had set a four mile (6 km) record, but as the horse reached the peak of its fame in 1869, it is unlikely that the notoriety would have still been evident in 1873. Alternatively, Lodi is a place in Italy where Napoleon defeated the Austrians and won his first military victory. More than likely, some of the earliest settler families were from Lodi, Illinois, and they chose to use the same name as their hometown.

In 1906, the city was officially incorporated by voters, passing 2 to 1. The fire department was established in 1911, and the city purchased the Bay City Gas and Water Works in 1919. Additional public buildings constructed during this period include the Lodi Opera House in 1905, a Carnegie library in 1909, and a hospital in 1915.

Demographics

There are 63,362 people residing in Lodi. More specific data is not yet available from the 2004 census, but in the 2000 census, there were 20,692 households, and 14,339 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,657.9 people per square mile (1,798.0/km²). There were 21,378 housing units at an average density of 1,747.0/sq mi (674.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.42% White, 0.60% African American, 0.87% Native American, 5.05% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 13.99% from other races, and 4.95% from two or more races. 27.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In the 2000 census, there were 20,692 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,570, and the median income for a family was $47,020. Males had a median income of $37,738 versus $27,073 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,719. 16.7% of the population and 12.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Geography

Lodi is flat terrain at an elevation of approximately above mean sea level datum. Historically the area has had some grazing land uses as well as grain production.

Industry

Early industries in Lodi included a saw mill, flour mill, vineyards, orchards, and cattle ranching.

The Lodi Land and Lumber Company saw mill was built on the south bank of the Mokelumne River in 1877, and relied on logs floated down from the Sierras during the rainy season. The mill was powered by a steam engine, and has a capacity of 40,000 board feet per day.

The "Flame Tokay" grape was introduced from Algeria in 1857, and was a central feature of the vineyards that gradually rose to prominence because of the sandy loam soil and the location directly east of the Suisun Pass. For a brief period during the late 19th century the vines were usurped in favor of watermelons and wheat, but price cuts and labeling problems encouraged farmers to plant more vines.

The early 20th century saw the establishment of several large manufacturers with national distribution capabilities, such as Supermold, the Pinkerton Foundry, the Lodi Iron Works, Pacific Coast Producers, Holz Rubber Company, Valley Industries, and Goehring Meat Company.

Today the Lodi area is home to several large manufacturing, general services, and agricultural companies, including Archer Daniels Midland, Blue Shield of California, Dart Container, General Mills, Holz Rubber Company, Kubota Tractors, Lodi Iron Works, Miller Packing Company, Pacific Coast Producers, Thule/Valley Industries, and Woodbridge-Robert Mondavi.

Entertainment and Culture

Museums

Lodi currently has two museums, the Hill House Museum, a restored Queen Anne Victorian built around 1906 for a wealthy Lodian, the museum has all of the house's original furniture. Also, the San Joaquin County Historical Museum is just south of Lodi, at the Micke Grove Regional Park, and traces the history of the area through many exhibits and interactive displays. It is the largest museum complex in the county.

A science museum, called the World of Wonders, is soon to take home in the Downtown Lodi parking structure. It will feature interactive science exhibits, classrooms, and a retail store. It will be modeled after the San Francisco Exploratorium.

Grape Festival

Lodi is well known for the town's production of grapes and wine. Lodi is referred to as the wine-grape capital of California. Every September there is a Grape Festival held which includes rides, food, and wine tasting. Also popular is the Spring Wine Show (held in late March/early April, so as not to coincide with Easter every year), which showcases the area's 50-plus award-winning wineries.

Taste of Lodi

Taste of Lodi is one of the area's most prestigious food and wine events. The event supports tourism growth in the Lodi's community and features over 40 award-winning Lodi wineries along with food selections from some of the area's finest restaurants and caterers. The event also has wine seminars, chefs demonstrations, live music and a Port, Cigar and Chocolate Pavilion.

Zinfest

Born in 2005 by the Lodi Winegrape Commission, this wine event is held at beautiful Lodi Lake and features Lodi's finest Zinfandel wines. Usually held on the third weekend of May this event includes a Friday night dinner called "Vintner's Grille".

Music

A Creedence Clearwater Revival song was named for Lodi, CA, although the songwriter (John Fogerty) admits he had never actually visited the city and simply thought it was "the coolest sounding name". Still, the song, with its chorus "Oh, Lord, stuck in Lodi again," has been the theme of various events in the city including a past Grape Festival. Fogerty has continued the legend often saying he was "stuck in Lodi" http://youtube.com/watch?v=0xZJL3y3rRs&feature=related.

The Lucky Devils are a rockabilly band from Lodi, CA, who are most well known locally for performing at the Lodi Downtown Farmer's Market.

Theater

Changing Faces Theater Company is a non-profit, student-run organization, which is supported by the Lodi Arts Commission. An annual two week production occurs each summer and is cast with mostly local children ranging from age six up to college students and, sometimes, a few adults. The production is normally staged at Jessie's Grove Winery where a number of additional activities are typically held at the same time.

Media

Sister cities

Lodi has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

List of Lodi Wineries

  • LangeTwins Winery & Vineyards
  • Peltier Station Winery
  • Berghold Vineyards
  • Borra Winery
  • Crystal Valley Cellars
  • D'Art Wines
  • Grand Amis Winery
  • Harmony Wynelands

Heritage Oak Winery: http://www.lodinews.com/articles/2008/03/03/business/1_heritage_080301.txt

  • Housley’s Century Oak Winery
  • Jessie’s Grove Winery
  • Jewel Collection Fine Wines
  • Klinkerbrick
  • Lucas Winery
  • Michael David Vineyards
  • Oak Ridge Winery
  • Omega Cellars
  • Peirano Estate Vineyards
  • Spenker Winery
  • St. Amant Winery
  • VanRuiten Family Winery
  • Vino Con Brio at Amorosa Vineyards
  • Vino Piazza, the Winery Plaza
  • Woodbridge by Robert Mondavi

Notable Residents

See also

References

External links

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