A flagon (Song of Solomon 2:5) is large metal or ceramic pitcher often used for drink, whether this be wine, water, ale, mead, or something else.
(Roman Catholic) The flagon is the large vessel of wine, usually glass and metal, that holds the wine as it is brought forward at the Presentation of the Gifts. Before March, 2002, a flagon may have also been used to hold the wine during the consecration of the Eucharist
and then be poured into many chalices during the Agnus Dei
. This pouring of the precious blood from flagon to chalice was eliminated. A smaller container called a cruet
is used for the priest's chalice, usually identical to the cruet of water, which is mingled with the wine before consecration. The cruets do not remain on the altar after the preparation of the gifts.
(Anglican) The flagon is the vessel that contains the wine to be consecrated. If more than one chalice is used during the administration of Communion, the flagon (or an additional cruet filled with wine and water) is placed on the altar at the Offertory, and other chalices are brought to the altar after the Breaking of the Bread. There should be only one chalice on the altar during the Great Thanksgiving.
A glass vessel filled with draught beer available in public bars or bottle stores. Drinkers could take their own washed flagons or swap their empties for those pre-filled and corked ready for sale. The flagon was followed by the half-gallon jar and was preceded by the square rigger and the bluey. Most commonly used during the period of six-o'clock closing of bars.
A flagon can hold different volumes of beer or wine and is thought to have originated from an amendment to the Licensing laws, which took effect in 1881. The amendment allowed winemakers to sell wine from their vineyards for off-license consumption, so long as the quantity was two gallons or more - hence the 2 g flagon. Before this change winemakers could only sell wine from hotels. A 1/2 gallon flagon was a common volume used for beer.