Firozpur (or Ferozepur, Ferozepore, फिरोज़पुर ) is a city in Firozpur District in Punjab, India. Founded by Sultan Firuz Shah Tughluq (1351-88) on the banks of the Sutlej River, Ferozpur today is a transportation and administration center and an ancient city located on the banks of the Sutlej River, in the state of Punjab, India. It is a border town on the Indo-Pakistan border with memorials to India's freedom fighters.
Three heroic martyrs in India's struggle for freedom, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, were hanged in Lahore for their revolutionary activities against the British Government on March 23, 1931. They were cremated and their Samadhi is located in Hussainiwala on the Sutlej river bank.
Ferozepur also holds a historic place in Indian history as it was here that British Raj established control over much of North-West India as well as what is now Pakistan through the Anglo-Sikh Wars that were fought in this region. Today it is the headquarters of a brigade of the Northern Corps of the Indian Army. Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engg. and Technology is located at Moga road in Ferozepur. It is a Government Engg. College and has an excellent reputation.
Firozpur Cantonment is adjacent to and south of the city, during British times it was one of the largest Cantonments in the country.
Ferozepur has easy access by road and rail to other places such as Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Delhi, and Chandigarh, the city is a center of numerous holy shrines and historic places. At the nearby city of Zira a beautiful Jain Swetambar Temple with ancient brass icons and beautiful wall murals is located.
In addition to cotton and grain cultivation and agriculture-related services, Firozpur has some light manufacturing. Commercial progress has been restricted by its vicinity to the tense border with Pakistan. Normalizing relations between the two nuclear nations promise to raise the city's profile as a potential trade hub. Ferozepur is the oldest British district of the Punjab established in 1833 as district headquarters even well before Ludhiana and Amritsar became districts. Ferozepur district even after Partition included many areas which were later reorganised to be a part of the Faridkot, Moga, Muktsar and Bathinda Districts. The per hectare wheat yields of this district are comparable to best in the world and it matched wheat yields per hectare of Ontario Province in Canada
Ferozepur city is to the South-West of Amritsar
city and located some 109 km from Amritsar. Another nearby city to the North of Ferozepur is Tarn Taran
. To the East is Ludhiana
about 135 km away. In the West it has Kasur
in Pakistan across the International Border. Other nearby cities include Fazilka
, (located to the South-West of Ferozepur) to the North-East of Ferozepur are Nakodar
, (located North-East of Ferozepur). The cities of Muktsar
are South of Ferozpur.
Prior to the Partition of India
, Ferozpur had a large Muslim majority. According to the Partition Plan, all Muslim majority regions were to accede to Pakistan and all Hindu and Sikh majority regions to India. However, allegedly pro-Indian Lord Mountbatten
changed the original partition map, drawn by Sir Radcliffe
, handing over Gurdaspur
and Mansa district
to India. During the first week of partition massive violence erupted in Ferozpur, resulting in the slaughter of thousands of Muslims by Sikhs
. After the Partition a lot of movement had occurred from both sides of the Border. Today, Ferozpur has a Sikh
majority with a virtually non-existent Muslim
population, as a result of the wide-scale massacres and immigration. There are a couple of Muslim families resided on the border side of Ferozpur and Pakistan, but have changed there faith to Sikhism
and adapted the Sidhu
As of 2001 India census
, Ferozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ferozpur has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 68%. In Ferozpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Ferozpur is the only district which Sikhs
do not have a big majority making up only 61% of the population. Ferozpur is dominated by the Sidhu
jat clan and Brar
The key schools in the city and the adjoining Cantonment are :-
- D.C. Model Senior Secondary School - Cantt
- Manavta Public Sr.Sec School Firozpur City
- D.C. Model School- City
- Dev Samaj Model School - City
- Army Public School - Cantt
- Kendriya Vidyalaya - Cantt.
- B.S.M. Sr. Secondary School - City,
- S D Higher Secondary School - City
- Arya Girls Higher Secondary School - City
- D.A.V. Public School - City
- H. M. Senior Secondary School - City
- Doon Valley Cambridge School, Zira
- St Joseph's Convent School
Colleges in area :-
- RSD College - City
- Dev Samaj College for Women - City
- Guru Nanak Dev College - Cantt
- DAV College for Girls - Cantt
- Shahid Bhagat Singh College of Engineering & Technology
- Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences & Research
- Government Polytechnic College
- Government Industrial Training Institute
Places of Interest
The Saragarhi Gurudwara
was built here as most of the soldiers in the Battle of Saragarhi
were from the Ferozepur district
Hussainiwala - Apart from a lake, it is also the location of Bhagat Singh and his colleagues' Samadhi.
The Indo-Pak Border crossing and the change of guards ceremony each evening.
Harike waterworks and barrage and its adjoining wetlands.
Ferozeshah, a village some 22km from Ferozepur still has a Memorial raised by the British to pay respect to the soldiers killed in the Anglo-Sikh Wars fought there. Ferozshah also houses a very well kept and well preserved Museum which reminds one of the valour and bravery of the forces that fought there.