- For the unconsolidated sediment formed by rock shearing in fault zones, see Fault gouge and Shale Gouge Ratio.
refers to one of several types of cutting tools, in addition to its meaning as a verb (the action of cutting or scooping with or as with a gouge
) and its slang meaning (to cheat, defraud, swindle
) and, rarely, as a noun meaning a swindler
, a gouge
is a bifacial
or unifacial stone tool
with a chisel-like working edge used for woodworking purposes; some may also have been used to remove marrow from bones. Gouges are generally triangular
in shape, with the working edge—characteristically steep-angled—appearing at the wide base of the triangle. opposite edge, at the point of the triangle, was the hafted end; the tool itself was generally hafted at right angles to the handle.
A modern gouge
is a tool
similar to a chisel
except its blade edge is not flat, but instead is curved or angled in cross-section. The modern version is generally hafted inline, the blade and handle typically having the same long axis. If the angle of the plane of the blade is on the outer surface of the curve the gouge is called an 'incannel' gouge, otherwise it is known as an 'outcannel' gouge. Gouges with angled rather than curved blades are often called 'V-gouges' or 'vee-parting tools'. Variations include 'crank-neck' gouges, 'spoon-bent' gouges, etc.
Gouges are used in wood working and arts. For example, a violin luthier will use a gouge to carve the violin, a craftsmen may use it to scoop out wood for a project, or an artist may produce a piece of art by cutting some bits out of a sheet of linoleum
(see also Linocut
In martial arts
In martial arts
or other hand-to-hand combat
application, to gouge
refers to the act of pulling or pressing certain sensitive areas on the opponent's body, typically using the fingers, but also sometimes with other bodyparts or instruments. Gouging can be accidental, or it can be used as a potent self-defense
technique. The most typical types of gouging are fish-hooking
U.S. Navy Slang
In U.S. Navy jargon, gouge
is the essential piece of information; the heart of the matter; or outstanding test-preparation material (such as an old test copy). A person who is tired of hearing all the extraneous information surrounding a problem might exclaim "Just give me the gouge!"
Originated at the U.S. Naval Academy and introduced from there into the wider navy, where it sees less frequent usage.