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Fessenden

Fessenden

[fes-uhn-duhn]
Fessenden, Thomas Green, 1771-1837, American journalist and satirical poet, b. Walpole, N.H. Throughout his life he practiced law and edited various newspapers. Under the pseudonym Christopher Caustic he wrote satirical poems, of which "Democracy Unveiled" (1805), a scurrilous attack on Jefferson and other Democratic leaders, was the most famous. In 1822 he established in Boston the New England Farmer, which he edited until his death. He also wrote various agricultural handbooks including the widely used Complete Farmer and Rural Economist (1834). In 1836 he was elected to the Massachusetts General Court.

See study by P. G. Perrin (1925).

Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-69, American politician, b. Boscawen, N.H. Admitted (1827) to the bar, he began practice in Portland in 1829 and by 1835 was regarded as one of the leading lawyers of Maine. A Whig, he served several terms in the state legislature and one (1841-43) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Fessenden was active in organizing the Republican party in Maine and in 1854 was elected to the U.S. Senate, where, except for nine months as Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury (June, 1864-Mar., 1865), he remained until his death. Beginning with a notable speech against the Kansas-Nebraska Act, he gained a reputation as one of the Senate's greatest debaters. Made a member of the finance committee in 1857, Fessenden was its chairman during most of the Civil War. In that capacity and as Secretary of the Treasury he established an excellent record in public finance, trying to confine expenditures to necessary measures and to resist inflation. In Dec., 1865, he became chairman of the joint committee on Reconstruction and wrote most of its famous report. Although he believed Congress, and not the President, should direct Reconstruction, and although he disliked Andrew Johnson personally, he refused to vote for Johnson's impeachment. He also refused to vote on the Tenure of Office Act and in general acted more moderately than his fellow radical Republicans. His course, particularly in regard to the impeachment proceedings, was contrary to the expressed wishes of his constituency, and for a time he was unpopular.

See biography by his son, F. Fessenden (1907, repr. 1970); B. J. Hendrick, Lincoln's War Cabinet (1946, repr. 1965); C. A. Jellison, Fessenden of Maine: Civil War Senator (1962).

(born Oct. 16, 1806, Boscawen, N.H., U.S.—died Sept. 8, 1869, Portland, Maine) U.S. politician. He practiced law in Maine before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1841–43) and Senate (1854–64, 1865–69). Originally a Whig, he opposed the extension of slavery to the territories, and he was one of the leaders of the movement that resulted in the formation of the Republican Party (1854). Despite his personal dislike for Pres. Andrew Johnson, he voted for acquittal in Johnson's Senate impeachment trial.

Learn more about Fessenden, William Pitt with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 16, 1806, Boscawen, N.H., U.S.—died Sept. 8, 1869, Portland, Maine) U.S. politician. He practiced law in Maine before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1841–43) and Senate (1854–64, 1865–69). Originally a Whig, he opposed the extension of slavery to the territories, and he was one of the leaders of the movement that resulted in the formation of the Republican Party (1854). Despite his personal dislike for Pres. Andrew Johnson, he voted for acquittal in Johnson's Senate impeachment trial.

Learn more about Fessenden, William Pitt with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Fessenden is a city in Wells County, North Dakota in the United States. It is the county seat of Wells County. The population was 625 at the 2000 census. Fessenden was founded in 1893.

Geography

Fessenden is located at (47.649667, -99.626142).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 625 people, 279 households, and 171 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,378.4 people per square mile (536.3/km²). There were 306 housing units at an average density of 674.9/sq mi (262.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.20% White, 0.32% Native American, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.16% of the population.

There were 279 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,750, and the median income for a family was $38,304. Males had a median income of $26,111 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,303. About 8.2% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions

  • Fessenden Country Club

References

External links

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